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Flashcards in Stomach Deck (121)
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1

the cardia is near what "tube"

esophagus

2

[part of the stomach]

HCl secretion

cardia

3

[part of the stomach]

role in capacitance by undergoing receptive relaxation

fundus

4

[part of the stomach]

the site of the autonomic pacemaker responsible for initiating gastric motor activity

fundus

5

[part of the stomach]

The incisura is the junction of ____

junction of the body and antrum

6

What are the arteries supplying the lesser curvature of the stomach

Right Gastric
Left gastruc

7

What are the arteries supplying the greater curvature of the stomach

Right gastroepiploic
Left gastroepiploic

8

What are the arteries supplying the fundus of the stomach

Short gastric

9

The short gastric artery is a direct branch of the

splenic artery

10

What are the branches of the celiac trunk

Common hepatic
Left Gastric
Splenic

11

Artery in the stomach that is a branch of the celiac trunk?

left gastric

12

What stomach veins drain to the portal circulation?

right gastric vein
Left gastric vein/coronary vein

13

What stomach arteries drain to the splenic vein?

Short gastric vein
Left gastroepiploic vein

14

What stomach arteries drain to the superior mesenteric vein?

right gastroepiploic

15

[Lymphatic Drainage]

Drains the proximal lesser curvature

superior gastric LN

16

[Lymphatic Drainage]

the distal lesser curvature

suprapyloric LN

17

[Lymphatic Drainage]

proximal greater curvature

pancreaticosplenic LN

18

[Lymphatic Drainage]

distal greater curvature

infrapyloric LN

19

[innervation]

the left vagal trunk is located ___ (anterior/posterior) to the stomach

anterior

20

[innervation]

what is a branch of the left vagal trunk?

hepatic branch

21

[innervation]

What nerve that is a branch of the vagus nerve lies posterior to the stomach?

right vagal trunk

22

[innervation]

what innervates the posterior fundus?

Criminal nerve of Grassi from the Right vagal trunk

23

[innervation]

what are the branches of the right vagal trunk?

celiac branch
criminal nerve of grassi

24

[Stomach Histology: type of cell]

produce protective mucus layer that contains bicarbonate and glycoprotein

Surface Mucous Cells

25

[Stomach Histology: type of cell]

less alkaline mucus layer that contains glycoprotein

mucous neck cells

26

[Stomach Histology: type of cell]

produces pepsinogen

mucous neck cell, chief cells

27

[Stomach Histology: type of cell]

produces HCl

parietal (oxyntic) cells

28

[Stomach Histology: type of cell]

produces intrinsic factor

parietal (oxyntic) cells

29

[Stomach Histology: type of cell]

chief cells produce these enzymes

pepsinogen
gastric lipase
leptin

30

[Stomach Histology: type of cell]

produces of serotonin

enterochromaffin cells