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Flashcards in Lower urinary tract Deck (19)
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1

most common cause of hydronephrosis in children

uteropelvic junction obstruction

2

most common primary malignancy of the ureter

urothelial CA

3

most common and most serious congenital anomaly of the urinary bladder

VUR

4

[diagnosis]
bladder directly communicates to external surface of body or in a sac

bladder extrophy

5

bladder extrophy is associated with an increased risk of what type of CA

adenoCA

6

[diagnosis]

frequency, lower abdominal pain, dysuria

cystitis

7

chemotherapeutic drug associated with hemorrhagic cystitis

cyclophosphamide

8

virus that is associated with hemorrhagic cystitis

adenovirus

9

inflammatory yet benign conditions that mimic bladder CA

malakoplakia, polypoid cystitis

10

metaplastic, yet benign condition that mimic bladder CA

1. cystitis glandularis
2. cystitis cystica
3. squamous metaplasia
4. nephrogenic adenoma

11

[diagnosis]

patient with E. coli and proteus UTI with defect in phagocyte function, grossly soft, yellow slightly raised mucosal plaques, large foamy macrophage with occasional MNCGs

Micahelis-Gutman bodies

malakoplakia

12

[diagnosis]

patient with indwelling catheter, submucosal edema throws the urothelium into polypoid projections

maybe mistaken for papillary urothelial Ca

polypoid cystitis

13

chemotherapeutic drug that can cause bladder CA

cyclophosphamide

14

cytologically malignant cells on a flat urothelium; dyscohesive cells, same with high-grade UCA;

denuding cystitis

flat urothelial CA

15

invasion of this layer in the bladder is associated with sharp decrease in survival rate

invasion of muscularis propria

16

most common benign mesenchymal tumor

leiomyoma

17

most common mesenchymal sarcoma in infants and children

embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma (sarcoma botyroides)

18

most common sarcoma (adult)

leiomyosarcoma

19

most common cause of obstruction in females

cystocele