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Flashcards in Infectious Diseases Deck (64)
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1

infectious disease wherein the mononuclear response is primarily plasma cells

syphilis

2

Coplik spots
Cough
Coryza
Conjunctivitis

Rubeola (Measles)

3

Rash: face then spreads to the body, confluent

Rubeola (measles)

4

Forschmeir spots

rubella (german measles)

5

low grade fever, then rash, then lymphadenopathy at 2nd week

Rubella (german measles)

6

high grade fever then rash (neck to extremities)

roseola (HHV 6)

7

dewdrops on a rose petal

VZV

8

(-) monospot test
large cells with atypia
intranuclear basophilic inclusions

CMV

9

virus associated with paracortical hyperplasia of LN

(-) heterophile test (monospot)

EBV = HHV 4

10

gram +, rod, non motile, non spore forming, (+) coagulated exudate with marked vascular congestion, interstitial edema, fibrin exudation

C. diphtheriae

11

facultative non-aerobe
G+, non-spore forming, motile rod, catalase positive, oxidase negative, beta hemolytic

causes granulomatosis infantiseptica

L. monocytogenes

12

Steeple sign, croup, mucousal erosion, hyperemia, copious mucopurulent exudate

Bordetella

13

pale necrotic centers with red hemorrhagic periphery, causes coagulative necrosis due to vasculitis, perivascurlar blue haze

pseudomonas

14

painful with shaggy non-indurated border with yellow-gray at base (genitalia), prominent buboes.

What is the causative agent?

Haemophilus ducreyi

15

beefy red ulcer with indurated borders which can lead to strictures (genitals); not prominent LN,

giemsa/Warthin-starry stain

Klebsiella granulomatis

16

[TB]

Ghon focus is usually found in which specific part of the lung

1. Subpleural
2. lower part of upper lobe
3. upper part of lower lobe

17

[TB]
simmon focus is located in which specific part of the lung

1. apex

18

[TB]
Ghon focus with pulmonary hilar involvement. What is this called

ranke complex

19

[TB]
TB spreads to adjacent parenchyma, erosions into bronchi or vessels resulting to effusions, empyema, obliterative fibrous pleuritis

miliary TB

20

most common form of extrapulmonary TB

scrofula

21

[TB]
macrophages filled with acid-fast bacilli but with rare granuloma formation

mycobacterium avium intracellulare

22

[TB]
Type of leprosy wherein there is a predominance of TH2, depressed CMI, and antibodies are not protective (causes GN and vasculitis)

lepromatous

23

[leprosy]

lepromin test positive is ____ type of leprosy

tuberculoid

24

[leprosy]

lipid-laden macrophages with globi is pahtognomonic of what type of leprosy

lepromatous

25

[stage of syphilis]

plasma cell rich infiltrate, proliferative endarteritis, dominance of macrophages, lymphocytes

primary stage

26

[stage of syphilis]

lesser inflammation, mucocutaenous involvement

secondary stage

27

[stage of syphilis]

central coagulation necrosis, surrounded by palisading macrophages and fibroblast, few treponemes

Tertiary state

28

[stage of syphilis]
obliterative endarteritis of vasa vasorum leading to loss of elasticity

tertiary stage

29

[congenital syphilis]

in saddle nose deformity, what bone is destroyed

vomer

30

[congenital syphilis]

triad of late manifestation of congenital syphilis

interstitial keratitis
hutchinson teeth
eight nerve deafness