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Flashcards in Skin Deck (63)
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1

What are the layers of the skin

Corneum
Lucidum
Granulosum
Spinosum
Basalis

Californians Like Girls in String Bikinis

2

Wha is the pressure threshold for skin pressure injury

60mmHg

3

When lying, the sacral pressure is ____ mmHg

150

4

When sitting the ischial pressure is ___ mmHg

300

5

When lying, what are the dependent areas of the skin?

back of the head
scapupa
spinous process
elbow
sacrum
posterior calf
heel

6

This solar radiation is responsible for acute and chronic skin effects

UVB

7

This type of infection is due to exposure to a body of salt water

Type III

due to V. vulnificus

8

[diagnose]

common in obese, smokers

painful, affecting the apocrine gland bearing areas (axilla, perineum, inframammary gland, inguinal folds)

Tender, deep nodules that expand, coalesce, spontaneously drain, form persistent sinus tract

Hidradenitis suppurativa / Acne inversa

9

[Hurley Classification for H. suppurativa]

single/multiple nodules without sinus tract or scarring

Stage I

Tx: Clindamycin

10

[Hurley Classification for H. suppurativa]

abscess, sinus tract, scarring

Stage II
clindamycin

11

[Hurley Classification for H. suppurativa]

diffuse, interconnected sinus tracts and abscesses

Stage III

Tx: Radicala excision, laser treatment, biologic agents

12

[diagnose]

presents as nodules and spread to form draining tracts following dental extraction

(+) sulfur granules

Actinomycosis


Tx: penicillin and surgical debridement

13

[diagnose]

rapidly enlarging necrotic lesion with undetermined border surrounding erythema

associated with IBD, RA, hema malignancy, IgA gammopathy

pyoderma gangrenosum

Tx: steroirds, cyclosporine

14

[SSSS vs TEN]

exotoxin affecting the granular layer

SSSS

15

[SSSS vs TEN]

immune mediated affecting the dermoepidermal junction

TEN

16

[diagnose]

"stuck on" yellow or light brown, papules/plaques with velvety, greasy texture

seborrheic keratoses

17

[diagnose]

arise in sun-exposed areas. premalignant lesion to SCC, atypical appearing keratinocytes

Actinic Keratosis (solar keratosis)

18

[nevi]

occur in a swimming trunk distrubution

giant hairy nevi (congenital)

19

[Nevi: acquired/congenital]

premalignant to melanoma

congenital

20

[diagnose]

benign neoplasm of the extremity

arise from the neuromyoarterial apparatus with blue, subungual discoloration associated with severe pain, point tenderness and cold sensitivity

glomus tumor

21

nonmelanoma skin cancers are typically a disease of the ___ skinned people

fair-skinned

22

[diagnose]

most common type of skin cancer

basal cell CA

23

most common subtype of basal cell CA

nodular (rodent ulcer)

24

most aggressive subtype of basal cell CA

morpheaform

25

the most common malignant eyelid tumor

basal cell CA

26

most common upper lip CA

basal cell CA

27

[diagnose: basal cell CA type]

waxy, pearly appearing papule with raised, well-demarcated border

crusting that bleeds with minor trauma, telangectasia over the translucent surface or central ulceration

nodular BCC

28

[diagnose: basal cell CA type]

waxy, pearly appearing papule with raised, well-demarcated border

crusting that bleeds with minor trauma, telangectasia over the translucent surface or central ulceration

With increased content of brown or black pigment

common in darker skinned people

pigmented BCC

29

[diagnose: basal cell CA type]

marked bluish or gray cystic nodules

cystic BCC

30

[diagnose: basal cell CA type]

scaly, patch-like or papule form that varies in color from pink to red or brown

superficial BCC