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Flashcards in Nutritional pathology Deck (18)
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1

emaciated extremities, normal serum albumin, subcutaneous fat are affected, head larger than body

marasmus

2

extremities are spared, hypoalbuminemia, liver steatosis present, cerebral atrophy present

kwashiorkor

3

flakiy paint appearance, flag sign

kwashiorkor

4

[psychiatric x nutrition]

hypothyroidism
decreased bone density
hypokalemia
anemia, hypogammaglobulinemia

anorexia nervosa

5

[psychiatric x nutrition]

esophageal and gastric rupture, hypokalemia

bulimia nervosa

6

vitamin C plays are role in these enzymes for hydroxylation of procollagen

prolyl and lysl hydroxylases

7

humans cannot synthesize vitamin C because we lack this enzyme

L-gulonolactone oxidase

8

excess of this leads to pseudotumor cerebri

vitamin A

9

has antihistamine effect

vitamin C

10

Excessive intake of vitamin C favors formation of this type of stone

calcium oxalate

11

deficiency leads to degeneration of posterolateral spinal cord tracts

cobalamin

12

[obesity]
secreted from the arcuate nucleus of hypothalamus, orexigenic

ghrelin

13

[obesity]

stimulates beta oxidation

adiponectin

14

compound that is decreased in prader-willi syndrome resulting to an increased POMC/CART activity

Peptide YY from the endocrine cells of ileum and colon

15

[obesity]

secreted by pancreatic B cells which prevents weight gain by increasing POMC/CART acitivity

amylin

16

Anorexigenic receptors

POMC/CART

17

Orixegenic receptors

NPY/AgRP

18

[obesity]

consequence of obesity characterized as OSA, polycythemia vera, eventual cor pulmonale

Pickwickian syndrome (Hypoventilation Hypersomnolence)