Liver Flashcards Preview

Pathology > Liver > Flashcards

Flashcards in Liver Deck (91)
Loading flashcards...
1

____ is a plane from gallbladder fossa to IVC separating the true left and right lobes of the liver

Cantlie's line

2

_____ separates the left lateral and left medial segments

falciform ligament

3

the faciform ligaments divide the left lobe to ____

left lateral and left medial segments

small left lobe
large left lobe

4

the right lobe of the liver is divided by the following structures

1. Gallbladder
2. Fissure of ligamentum teres
3. IVC
4. Fissure of ligamentum venosum

5

The right lobe is composed of what lobes?

1. Quadrate lobe
2. Caudate lobe

6

[Name the coinaud segemen]

caudate

1

7

[Name the coinaud segemen]

left lateral

2 and 3

8

[Name the coinaud segemen]

left medial

4

9

[Name the coinaud segemen]

right anterior lobe

5, 8

10

[Name the coinaud segemen]

Right posterior lobe

6, 7

11

[hepatic vein drainage]

segment 5-8

right hepatic

12

[hepatic vein drainage]

segment 4,5,8

middle hepatic

13

[hepatic vein drainage]

segment 2,3

left hepatic

14

[hepatic vein drainage]

caudate lobe

IVC

15

the pringle maneuver compress what structures?

portal vein, hepatic artery, CBD

16

[Liver function test]

hepatocellular injury

ALT, AST

17

[Liver function test]

Synthetic function

Albumin
Clotting factors EXCEPT factor 8

18

[Liver function test]

Cholestasis

TB
B2 transferrin
ALP
GGTP

19

[Liver function test]

what is the best measure of liver synthetic function test?

PT and INR

20

[Liver function test]

Most specific for liver diseases: AST or ALT?

ALT

21

[Liver function test]

increased in extrahepatic

Direct bilirubun

22

[Liver function test]

increased in intrahepatic diorders

Indirect unconjucated

23

[Liver function test]

indicative of biliary obstruction

alkaline phosphatase

24

[Liver function test]

early marker and sensitive test for hepatobiliary disease

GGTP

25

[jaundice]

detectable when serum bilirubin is?

>2.5 to 3 mg/dL

26

[Cirrhosis]

causes if impaired hepatic regeneration

1. Destruction of reticulin framework
2. Disturbances in blood supply
3. Necrosis too extensive
4. Malnutrition
5. Inhibition of hepatocyte proliferation

27

[cirrhosis]

Hepatic nodule formation is due to?

hepatic proliferation limited by enveloping scars

28

[cirrhosis]

vein responsible for caput medusae

umbilical vein

29

[cirrhosis]

ascites is clinically detected if the volume is ____

>1.5L

30

___ syndrome

spigastric vascular murmur

Cruveilhier-Baumgarten Syndrome