Lesson 4C (Part 3) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lesson 4C (Part 3) Deck (31)
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1

What is the second most common malignant tumours?

Squamous cell carcinoma

2

SCC

Squamous cell carcinoma

3

How does SCC appear on US?

Diffusely enlarged kidney
- stones are often seen as well

4

What are contributing factors to SCC? (3)

1. Chronic infection
2. Stones
3. Irritation

5

What can SCC occur?

Bladder diverticuli

6

What are the best staging modalities for SCC? (2)

1. CT
2. MRI

7

Where is adenocarcinoma rare? (3)

1. Pelvis
2. Ureter
3. Bladder

8

What do patients have a history of with adenocarcinoma?

Chronic UTI

9

What can be present with adenocarcinoma?

Staghorn calculi

10

What does adenocarcinoma look like sonographically? (2)

1. Pelvic, ureteric or bladder mass is seen
2. Calcification/stones

11

What does onccocytoma look like?

RCC

12

Who is onccocytoma more commonly seen in?

Men

13

What can not be used to differentiate onccocytoma from RCC? (2)

1. US
2. CT

14

What is the treatment for onccocytoma?

Surgical resection

15

What is the most common benign renal tumour?

Renal adenoma

16

What is the sonographic appearance of renal adenoma?

Mimics renal cell carcinoma

17

Who is renal adenoma more commonly seen in?

Men

18

What is renal adenoma associated with?

Smoking

19

What is renal adenoma more common in? (2)

1. VHL disease
2. Acquired renal cystic disease

20

AML

Angiomyolipoma

21

What is AML compared of? (3)

1. Adipose tissue
2. Smooth muscle
3. Blood vessels

22

Who is AML more commonly seen in?

Middle aged women

23

What modality is commonly used to identify AML?

US

24

What happens if AML grows?

You may get hemorrhage

25

What are symptoms of AML? (3)

1. Hematuria
2. Flank pain
3. Palpable flank mass

26

Where is AML located? (2)

1. In parenchyma
2. Exophytic

27

What is not normally in the kidney?

Lymphoid tissue

28

What is in the kidney with lymphoma of the kidney?

Lymphoid tissue

29

How does lymphoid tissue get to the kidney? (2)

1. Blood
2. Retro-peritoneal involvement

30

What does lymphoma of the kidney occur with?

Non Hodgkins lymphoma