Lesson 4D (Part 2) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lesson 4D (Part 2) Deck (31)
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1

Medullary sponge kidney

Dilated ectatic collecting tubules

2

Is medullary spong kidney congenital?

Yes

3

Is medullary sponge kidney symptomatic or asymptomatic?

Asymptomatic
- until the 30-40s

4

What do renal stones cause? (4)

1. Renal colic
2. Hematuria
3. Dysuria
4. Flank pain

5

What kind of disease is multicystic dysplastic?

Nonhereditary developmental anomaly

6

What does multicystic dysplastic look like? (3)

1. Kidney is small
2. Malformed with multiple cysts
3. Little or no normal renal parenchyma

7

Is multicystic dysplastic symptomatic or asymtomatic?

Asymptomatic

8

Is multicystic dysplastic unilateral or bilateral?

Unilateral
- if bilateral it is incompatible with life

9

What is 90% of cases of multicystic dysplastic associated with?

UT obstruction during embryogenesis

10

MCKD1

Medullary cystic kidney disease

11

Medullary cystic kidney disease

Is an inherited condition that leads to scarring of the kidney and cyst formation

12

When do symptoms begin for MCKD1?

Adulthood

13

What are the symptoms for MCKD1? (3)

1. Increased urine production
2. Polyuria
3. Nocturia

14

What does MCKD1 result in?

Kidney failure

15

What kind of tumour is multilocular cystic nephroma? (2)

1. Uncommon
2. Benign neoplasm

16

What gender is multilocular cystic nephroma more common in?

Females

17

What are the symptoms of multilocular cystic nephroma?

1. UTI abdominal pain
2. Hematuria
3. Hypertension
4. Asymptomatic
- sometimes

18

What does multilocular cystic nephroma look like on US? (3)

1. Multiseptated
2. Exophytic complex cystic mass
3. Noncommunicating locules

19

What is not recommended for multilocular cystic nephroma?

Biopsy

20

What is multilocular cystic nephroma confirmed with?

CECT

21

What kind of disease is localized cystic disease? (3)

1. Rare
2. Benign
3. Nonhereditary

22

What does multilocular cystic nephroma mimic?

Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease

23

What is the parenchyma like between the conglomerate mass of cysts of varying size?

Normal or atrophic renal parenchyma

24

What does not help in the diagnosis of localized cystic disease? (2)

1. Family history of ADPKD
2. Lack of cysts in other kidney

25

What helps to diagnose localized cystic disease? (2)

1. CT
2. MRI

26

What kind of disease is Von Hipple-Lindau disease?

Inherited disease

27

What does 40% of people with Von Hipple-Lindau disease develop?

RCC

28

Is Von Hipple-Lindau disease unilateral or bilateral?

Bilateral

29

Is Von Hipple-Lindau disease multifocal?

Yes

30

What are a common finding with Von Hipple-Lindau disease?

Renal cysts