Flashcards in Lesson 5B (Part 2) Deck (21)
What are sonographic applications for the portal vein? (3)
1. Portal vein hypertension
2. Detect tumor invasion
3. Detect thrombosis
Flow is directed towards the liver
Flow is directed away from the liver
What is considered normal flow through the portal vein system?
What is the usual cause of hepatofugal flow in the liver?
Loss of function of 80-90% of liver cells
What are complications of liver failure? (2)
1. Hepatic encephalopathy
2. Impaired protein synthesis
- serum albumin
What can cause portal hypertension
Veins around the scar tissue become obstructed
How does hepatic encephalopathy happen?
A build up of toxins in your blood due to loss of function
Amount of time it takes for your blood to clot
What is considered normal portal pressure?
At what pressure do complications arise form portal hypertensiton?
What occurs with portal hypertension? (4)
- little veins around get larger
- surrounding fluid
3. Esophageal varices
- main complication
4. Portal /splenic veins will enlarge
What dies high pressure help to create?
What do patients with cirrhosis experience?
Rapid growth of scar tissue in the liver
- can lead to obstructions
What do porto-systemic collaterals form?
The opening and dilatation of prexisting vascular channels
Body connecting the portal system to the systemic system
What are the most important portosystemic anastomoses? (2)
1. Gastroesophageal collaterals
2. Esophageal varices
Within a week of birth the unbilical vein is obliterated, what ligament does it become?
- ligamentum teres
What happens to the round ligament under extreme pressure?
May open to allow passage of blood