Lesson 4E (Part 2) Flashcards Preview

Abdominal Pathology > Lesson 4E (Part 2) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lesson 4E (Part 2) Deck (24)
Loading flashcards...
1

Endometriosis

Endometrial tissue outside of uterus

2

What may endometriosis involve?

Urinary tract
- frequently bladder

3

What is endometriosis present with?

Hematuria

4

How does endometriosis look like on US? (2)

1. Mural or intramural cyst
2. Solid or complex lesion

5

How is endometriosis diagnosed? (2)

1. Cystoscopy
2. Biopsy

6

Interstitial Cystitis

Chronic inflammation of the bladder wall

7

What is the etiology of interstitial cystitis?

Unknown

8

What is a symptom of interstitial cystitis?

Hematuria

9

What does interstitial cystitis look like on US? (2)

1. Small capacity
2. Thick walled bladder

10

What is used to diagnose interstitial cystitis? (2)

1. Cystoscopy
2. Biopsy

11

How does neurogenic bladder look like on US? (3)

1. Smooth large capacity
2. Thin walled bladder
3. May extend high into abdomen

12

What will be seen with neurogenic bladder?

A large post void residual

13

What may occur with neurogenic bladder if not treated?

Rapid deterioration of renal function

14

What is neurogenic bladder a result of?

Cerebrum not functioning properly

15

What kind of disease is bladder diverticula? (2)

1. Congenital
2. Acquired

16

What is another term for acquired bladder diverticula?

Hutch diverticula

17

Where is hutch diverticula located?

Near the ureteral orifice

18

What causes hutch diverticula?

Previous bladder outlet obstruction

19

What do narrow necks in the bladder lead to? (5)

1. Urinary stasis
2. Infection
3. Stones
4. Tumors
5. Obstruction

20

What does bladder diverticula appear as?

An outpouching sac from the bladder wall

21

What are important images to take with bladder diverticula?

Post void residual images
- detect change
- size
- want them to be able to empty everything, if not there could be an infection

22

Renal dialysis

Process of diffusing blood across a membrane to remove substances a normal kidney would eliminate

23

What can renal dialysis do? (2)

1. Restore electrolytes
2. Fix acid-base balance

24

What is there an increase of developing with renal dialysis? (3)

1. Cyst
2. Adenoma
3. Carcinoma