Flashcards in Lesson 1B (Part 3) Deck (12)
Is the inability of the liver to perform its normal synthetic and metabolic function as part of normal physiology
What are the 2 forms of recognized hepatic failure?
Acute liver failure
The rapid development of hepatocellular dysfunction, specifically coagulopathy and mental status changes in a patient without known prior liver disease
What are the potential causes of chronic liver failure? (8)
1. Excessive alcohol intake
2. Hepatitis B or C
3, Autoimmune, hereditary and metabolic causes
- eg. iron or copper overload
4. Steatohepatitis or non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
5. Worsening jaundice
7. Hepatic encephalopathy
8. Drug toxicity
When do ascites typically occur?
Secondary to liver cell failure
What is coagulopathy also known as?
Clotting and bleeding disorder
The bloods ability to clot is impaired
Is a decline in brain function that occurs as a result of severe liver failure
- patient exhibits confusion, altered levels of consciousness and coma
What is hepatic encephalopathy also called?
What percentage are drugs accountable for hepatic failure?
Why are alcoholic persons susceptible to drug toxicity?
Because alcohol induces liver injury and cirrhotic changes that alters drug metabolism