Flashcards in Lesson 4B (Part 3) Deck (30)
Who are more at an increase risk for cystitis?
Why are women at a more at an increase risk for cystitis?
Due to their short urethras
What is the cause of cystitis?
Colonization of rectal flora
What is the result of cystitis in men? (2)
1. Bladder outlet obstruction
What is the most common pathogen with cystitis?
What are signs of cystitis? (2)
1. Bladder irritability
What is the sonographic appearance of cystitis?
Diffuse bladder wall thickening
Gas present in lumen and wall of bladder
Who does emphysematous cystitis affect most?
What is the sonographic appearance of emphysematous cystitis? (2)
Rare granulomatous infection
What is the cause of malacoplakia?
Who does malacoplakia cystitis affect most?
Women in their 60s
What are 2 signs of malacoplakia?
2. Bladder irritability
What is the sonographic appearance of malacoplakia cystitis?
What is an example of chronic cystitis?
Brunns epithelial nests
What does brunns epithelial nests mimic?
- appear solid
- within bladder wall
Cysts may develop in nests
May develop into glandular structures
What could cystitis glandularis be a precursor for?
- cysts/solid masses in wall
What are causes of bladder fistulas? (5)
Where may fistulas occur from?
The bladder to the vagina, gut, skin, uterus and ureter
What are the tracks like in a bladder fistula?
Thin and short
- difficult to identify
What might be in the bladder lumen if it communicates with the gut, vagina or skin?
What are 4 types of bladder fistulas?
Carcinoma of the bladder or cervix
- most often related to gynecological or urological surgery
Complication of diverticulitis or Crohn’s disease
- bladder and gut
surgery or trauma may be the cause
- bladder and skin