2/16 Flashcards Preview

Final FA review > 2/16 > Flashcards

Flashcards in 2/16 Deck (23):
1

Clomiphene

-Hypothalamus estrogen receptor blocker. Prevents negative feedback estrogen has on GnRH.
-this inc. FSH & LH production which stimulates ovulation.
-used to treat infertility due to anovulation.
-can cause visual disturbances.

2

Danazol

-partial androgen agonist
-used for endometriosis & hereditary angioedema.
-

3

Ticlopidine

-ADP receptor inhibitors
-this inhibits Gp2b/3a from being placed on receptor surface.
-watch out for neutropenia! (can present as mouth ulcers).

4

Argatroban, bivalirudin

-derivatives of hirudin - the anticoagulant used by leeches.
-directly inhibit thrombin.
-used instead of heparin for pts w/HIT (heparin induced thrombocytopenia).

5

Abciximab side effects

thrombocytopenia

6

what causes 99% of mitral stenosis

rheumatic heart disease

7

cladribine

-adenosine analog
-inhibits adenosine deaminase (adenosine buildup is toxic - like in SCID)
-treatment for hairy cell leukemia.

8

Modafinil

-1st line treatment for modafinil.
-non-amphetamine stimulant.
-P450 inducer

9

De Quervain's thyroiditis

-granulomas
-jaw pain, tender thyroid
-assoc. w/mumps & coxsackie
-potential early thyrotoxicosis.

10

vemurafenib

-BRAF (V600E mutation specific) kinase inhibitor
-used for metastatic melanoma

11

Whipple disease

-FOAMy WHIPPed cream in a CAN
-PAS (+) foamy macrophages in lamina propria
-Cardiac Sxs
-Arthralgias
-Neuro Sxs

12

pudendal nerve block
-landmark?

-ischial spine.
-relieve pain of delivery
-S2-S4

13

Scaphoid. Whats unique about its blood supply?

Retrograde blood supply.
-avascular necrosis common here.

14

Dislocation of which bone can cause acute carpal tunnel?

lunate

15

Guyon canal syndrome. Which nerve compressed?

ulnar nerve.
-commonly seen in cyclists due to pressure from handlebars.

16

Long thoracic nerve
-which nerves and where does it originate from?
-damage causes what?

roots of C5 - C7.
-winged scapula

17

Mnemonic for terminal branches of brachial plexus

my aunty raped my uncle
-musculocutaneous
-axillary
-radial
-median
-ulnar

18

Axillary n.

C5-C6

19

musculocutaenous n.

C5-C7

20

radial n.

C5-T1

21

median n.

C5-T1

22

ulnar n.

C8-T1

23

Recurrent branch of median n.

C5-T1