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Flashcards in 4/13 overall Deck (68)
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1

Musculocutaneous
-sensation where?

lateral forearm.

2

Supracondylar fracture of humerus
-which nerve damaged?

median n.

3

Lumbrical muscles
-actions:

Flex at the MCP joint, extend PIP and DIP joints.

4

Bakers cyst
-where is this?
-what n. can it damage?

-popliteal fossa.
-tibial n.

5

What disease often caused damage to sup. gluteal nerve & led to trendelenburg sign?

polio.

6

Nerve: Long thoracic
-paired artery?

Lateral thoracic

7

Nerve: Axillary
-paired artery?

Posterior circumflex

8

Nerve: Radial
-paired artery?

Deep brachial

9

Nerve: Median
-paired artery?

Brachial

10

Nerve: Tibial
-paired artery?

Popliteal, Posterior tibial.

11

Diffuse epidermal hyperplasia with increased thickness of the stratum spinosum.
-whats the word?
-mnemonic?

Acanthosis.
-think about acanothosis nigricans. Its obviously epidermal hyperplasia, and think of the skin tags as inc. thickness of stratum spinosum (spiny).

12

Inc. thickness of stratum corneum.
-whats the word?
-example?

Hyperkaratosis.
-callus, psoriasis.

13

Hyperkeratosis with retention of nuclei in stratum corneum.
-whats the word?

Parakeratosis.
-actinic keratosis & psoriasis.

14

Epidermal accumulation of edematous fluid in intercellular spaces.
-whats the word?

Spongiosis.
-Eczematous dermatitis.

*Edema can get so bad that desmosomes btwn keratinocytes can snap and intraepidermal vesicles can form.

15

Urticaria
-what causes them?

Mast cell degranulation.

16

Which lung has 3 lobes?

Right lung.

17

Aspirate a peanut while supine.
-where will it go?

-superior portion of right inferior lobe.
-posterior segments of right upper lobes.

18

Relation of the pulmonary artery to the bronchus at
each lung hilus is described by what mnemonic?

RALS—Right Anterior; Left Superior.

19

Bottom of lung:
Bottom of pleural cavity:

-6, 8, 10.
-8, 10, 12.

20

What passes thru aortic hiatus at T12?
-mnemonic?

At T12: aorta (red), thoracic duct (white), azygos vein (blue) (“At T-1-2 it’s the red, white, and blue”).

21

Functional residual capacity (FRC)
-define:

RV + ERV (volume in lungs after normal expiration).

*decreased in ARDS.

22

Vital capacity (VC)
-define:
-mnemonic:

TV + IRV + ERV
-Maximum volume of gas that can be expired after a maximal inspiration.
-blowing out birthday candles.

*same as forced vital capacity.

23

Why is diffusion limited in emphysema?

Surface area of diffusion is decreased.

24

When is Pulmonary vascular resistance the lowest?

At FRC (after normal exhalation).

25

Shunt:
-whats the V/Q?
-example?

V/Q = 0
-someone choking.

26

Annular pancreas
-how will it present?

recurrent bilious vomitting as an infant.
-its not going to suddenly show up later in life.

27

Uncinate process
-formed by which pancreatic bud?

Ventral.

28

Which ligament contains portal triad?

hepatoduodenal ligament.

29

Which ligament contains splenic art & vein?

Splenorenal ligament.

30

VIPoma
-Sxs:

-non-α, non-β islet cell pancreatic tumor that secretes VIP.
-Copious Watery Diarrhea, Hypokalemia, and Achlorhydria (WDHA syndrome).