Flashcards in Adult Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome Deck (16):
List the categorization of BMI.
Underweight: less than 18.5
Normal: 18.5 0 24.9
Overweight: 25.0 - 29.9
High obese: 30.0 - 34.9
Very high obese: 35.0 - 39.9
Severely (formerly morbidly) obese: greater than 40.0
Between men and women, men have ____________ fat, but _____________.
less fat; it is centrally located, predicting worse CVD outcomes
What waist sizes have been shown to increase the risk of negative outcomes?
Men: greater than 40 inches
Women: greater than 35 inches
Why is abdominal obesity thought to be bad?
Because the abdominal fat releases fatty acids that can cause insulin resistance
Even after adjusting for socioeconomic status, ___________ is still the best predictor of obesity.
race and ethnicity
The risk of developing diabetes starts to increase with increasing BMI at a BMI of _______.
85% of those with hypertension have a BMI over _________.
The majority of studies show that morbidity increases above BMI of _______ and mortality increases with BMI over _________.
Give the diagnostic criteria for metabolic syndrome.
Any three (or more) of these:
Waist circumference: M greater than 40 inches; W greater than 35 inches
TG: greater than 150 mg/dL
HDL: M less than 40 mg/dL; W less than 50 mg/dL
BP: greater than 130/85 mmHg
Fasting glucose: greater than 100 mg/dL
What is CPI?
The consumer price index (an average cost of all goods)
Why is abdominal circumference important to measure?
Because increased waist circumference has been shown to correlate with increased risk in the absence of elevated BMI
It's not necessary to measure waist circumference in individuals with BMI greater than ______, because almost all of them will have elevated waist circumference and that measurement is not likely to add helpful information.
After adjusting for BMI, African Americans are less likely than Caucasians to have _____________.
low HDL and high triglycerides
Describe the Edmonton obesity scale.
0: obese but no health problems
1: obese with subclinical risk
2: obese with chronic disease
3: obese with end-organ damage
4: obese with severe organ damage
One study showed that the risk of stroke increased by ______ with each unit increase in BMI.