Pathoma: Exocrine Pancreas Flashcards Preview

Digestive, Endocrine, and Metabolic Systems > Pathoma: Exocrine Pancreas > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pathoma: Exocrine Pancreas Deck (10):
1

What is annular pancreas?

A condition in which the pancreas wraps around the duodenum and obstructs it

2

What kinds of necrosis occur in acute pancreatitis?

Fat necrosis (from lipase release onto pancreatic fat) and liquefactive necrosis from zymogen release onto pancreatic cells

3

Hyper-____________ and hyper-______________ can trigger acute pancreatitis.

calcemia (because calcium activates pancreatic enzymes); lipidemia

4

What virus can cause acute pancreatitis?

Mumps

5

Acute pancreatitis can lower what serum electrolyte?

Calcium, because calcium gets absorbed in saponification

6

Why does pancreatitis cause DIC and ARDS?

Because the pancreatic enzymes activate clotting factors (DIC) and eat away at the protein lining of the alveoli

7

Pancreatic insufficiency is a characteristic of _____________.

chronic pancreatitis

8

True or false: amylase and lipase remain elevated in chronic pancreatitis.

False. Acinar atrophy, which occurs in chronic pancreatitis, leads to decreased production and release of amylase and lipase.

9

Diabetes in a thin, elderly person should raise suspicion of ___________.

pancreatic adenocarcinoma in the body or tail of the pancreas (where there are more endocrine cells)

10

What is the Whipple procedure?

A surgical treatment for pancreatic cancer in which the gallbladder and head of the pancreas are removed

Decks in Digestive, Endocrine, and Metabolic Systems Class (133):