Pathoma: Exocrine Pancreas Flashcards Preview

MS2 - Digestive, Endocrine, and Metabolic Systems > Pathoma: Exocrine Pancreas > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pathoma: Exocrine Pancreas Deck (10):

What is annular pancreas?

A condition in which the pancreas wraps around the duodenum and obstructs it


What kinds of necrosis occur in acute pancreatitis?

Fat necrosis (from lipase release onto pancreatic fat) and liquefactive necrosis from zymogen release onto pancreatic cells


Hyper-____________ and hyper-______________ can trigger acute pancreatitis.

calcemia (because calcium activates pancreatic enzymes); lipidemia


What virus can cause acute pancreatitis?



Acute pancreatitis can lower what serum electrolyte?

Calcium, because calcium gets absorbed in saponification


Why does pancreatitis cause DIC and ARDS?

Because the pancreatic enzymes activate clotting factors (DIC) and eat away at the protein lining of the alveoli


Pancreatic insufficiency is a characteristic of _____________.

chronic pancreatitis


True or false: amylase and lipase remain elevated in chronic pancreatitis.

False. Acinar atrophy, which occurs in chronic pancreatitis, leads to decreased production and release of amylase and lipase.


Diabetes in a thin, elderly person should raise suspicion of ___________.

pancreatic adenocarcinoma in the body or tail of the pancreas (where there are more endocrine cells)


What is the Whipple procedure?

A surgical treatment for pancreatic cancer in which the gallbladder and head of the pancreas are removed

Decks in MS2 - Digestive, Endocrine, and Metabolic Systems Class (133):