Flashcards in Pathoma: Exocrine Pancreas Deck (10):
What is annular pancreas?
A condition in which the pancreas wraps around the duodenum and obstructs it
What kinds of necrosis occur in acute pancreatitis?
Fat necrosis (from lipase release onto pancreatic fat) and liquefactive necrosis from zymogen release onto pancreatic cells
Hyper-____________ and hyper-______________ can trigger acute pancreatitis.
calcemia (because calcium activates pancreatic enzymes); lipidemia
What virus can cause acute pancreatitis?
Acute pancreatitis can lower what serum electrolyte?
Calcium, because calcium gets absorbed in saponification
Why does pancreatitis cause DIC and ARDS?
Because the pancreatic enzymes activate clotting factors (DIC) and eat away at the protein lining of the alveoli
Pancreatic insufficiency is a characteristic of _____________.
True or false: amylase and lipase remain elevated in chronic pancreatitis.
False. Acinar atrophy, which occurs in chronic pancreatitis, leads to decreased production and release of amylase and lipase.
Diabetes in a thin, elderly person should raise suspicion of ___________.
pancreatic adenocarcinoma in the body or tail of the pancreas (where there are more endocrine cells)