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Digestive, Endocrine, and Metabolic Systems > Introduction to Nutrition > Flashcards

Flashcards in Introduction to Nutrition Deck (12):
1

Studies suggest that we could have a return on investment of ______ for every dollar spent on nutritional intervention (such as education).

$5.40

2

Surveys show that physicians only counsel about ______ percent of their patients on nutritional issues, but when they do patients typically have more positive outcomes (such as increased weight loss, increased activity, and increased diet).

50

3

Research shows that only about _____ percent of prescriptions are followed by patients as directed.

15

4

What are some good open-ended questions to ask about diet?

- "Tell me about your diet."
- "Tell me what you ate yesterday."
- "Where do you eat most of your meals?"

5

Pay attention to the following things in a diet history: ________________.

excess or inadequacy; potential micronutrient deficiencies; variety (good) or restriction (bad)

6

What is the estimated average requirement (EAR)?

It is the estimated adequate intake for 50% of the population.

7

What is the recommended dietary allowance (RDA)?

It is the amount of a micronutrient that meets the requirement for 95% of people.

8

_____________ are the second-leading cause of preventable death in the United States.

Dietary practices that divert from recommendations

9

What is DGA?

Dietary guidelines for Americans

10

What are some categories of conditions that are nutritionally high-risk?

- Increased losses
- Decreased absorption
- Increased metabolic need (e.g., injury, pregnancy)

11

The "acceptable" BMI range is _______.

19 - 25

12

By BMI percentile, "overweight" is ________ and "obese" is __________.

85% - 95%; greater than 95%

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