Pediatric Obesity: Health Implications Flashcards Preview

Digestive, Endocrine, and Metabolic Systems > Pediatric Obesity: Health Implications > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pediatric Obesity: Health Implications Deck (19):
1

BMI is less specific for ____________ in the 85th to 95th percentile.

excess adiposity

2

"Severely obese" children have a BMI greater than the ________. Why is this an important delineation?

99th percentile; because in this range comorbidities rise sharply

3

___________ (a sign on the BMI chart) is predictive of future obesity.

Early nadir – happening around 3 years of age as opposed to the normal 4 years

4

What three things have been shown to be increased by childhood obesity?

- Carotid atherosclerosis
- T2DM
- Hypertension

5

What is it called when obesity impedes lung opening?

Obesity hypoventilation syndrome

6

Acanthosis nigricans is thought to be caused by _________.

excess insulin acting on IGFR

7

Hypothyroidism is associated with what growth patterns?

Obesity and poor linear growth

8

Pain in the knee and groin in an obese child can be a sign of _________________.

slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE)

9

What are the principles of motivational interviewing?

- Open-ended questions
- Affirmations
- Reflections
- Roll with resistance
- Reframing
- Summaries

10

A BMI of greater than 120% of the 95th percentile corresponds to ________ in adults.

stage II obesity (this also approximates the 99th percentile in kids)

11

What percent of U.S. children are obese?

18%

12

Weight-for-length charts should be used for children younger than _________.

2 years

13

What is the 5210 plan?

5 servings of fruits or vegetables per day
2 hours or less of screen time
1 hour or more of physical activity
0 sugar-sweetened beverages

14

What BMI range is considered healthy weight?

5th - 85th percentile

15

True or false: obesity is more common in adolescents compared to children.

False.

16

70% of obese children had two or more of the following lab abnormalities: _______________.

- low HDL
- high LDL
- high blood pressure
- insulin resistance

17

What are some clinical signs that an adolescent female may have a syndrome that is the most common cause of infertility?

Hirsutism, oligomenorrhea, and acne (being signs of polycystic ovarian syndrome)

18

Pseudotumor cerebri is a complication of ____________.

childhood obesity

19

Current guidelines recommend A1c screening in obese children after age ____.

10

Decks in Digestive, Endocrine, and Metabolic Systems Class (133):