Flashcards in Anatomy Deck (397)
Order of neurovasculature in femoral triangle
vein, artery, nerve (medial to lateral)
location of cricothyroid membrane (for cricothyroidotomy if someone is choking)
superior to cricoid cartilage inferior to thyroid cartilage (vignettes 22)
Fundus protrudes into thoracic cavity. GEJ remains fixed below diagram unlike in sliding hiatal hernia.
Femoral nerve palsy: 1) common scenario 2) dysfunction
1) Pelvic fracture
2) weakness in right leg and lack of sensation in anterior area of thigh + weakness with extension of right knee + weak hip flexion
klumpke vs erb palsy
klumpke is an abduction injury; Erb palsy is an adduction injury
Jugular foramen (Vernet) syndrome
lesion to jugular foramen, thus CN 9, 10, 11 affected
Jugular foramen (Vernet) syndrome presentation
dysphagia + hoarseness + dysarthria + loss of gag reflex on ipsilateral side + deviation of uvula toward normal side + atrophy of sternocleidomastoid muscle and trapezius.
ACL + MCL + medial meniscus
compartment syndrome presentation
Persistent leg pain + swollen, tense, and warm region + decreased anterior tibial pulse.
causes of compartment syndrome
crush injury + fracture + chronic vigorous exercise
FDS vs. FDP
- FDS wraps around PIP.
- FDP goes all the way to the end and flexes wrist + MCP + interphalangeal joints.
lateral femoral condyle --> anterior tibia.
medial femoral condyle --> posterior tibia.
Tests for ACL injury, at 30 degree angle
lateral force/medial force
1) pain, "popping" on external rotation --> medial meniscal tear.
2) pain, "popping" on internal rotation --> lateral meniscal tear.
Popliteal fluid collection in gastrocnemius-semimembranous bursa, commonly communicating with synovial space and related to chronic joint disease.
most common rotator cuff injury?
test for supraspinatus tear?
"empty/full can" test.
Most common pitching injury
teres minor innervation
upper and lower subscapular nerves
SITS muscle innervated by
bone palpated in anatomic snuff box
Can cause carpal tunnel syndrome
damage to hook of hamate
ulnar nerve injury (common with fall on outstretched hand).