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Flashcards in Neuro IV Deck (62)
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1

Location of Broca's area

Inferior frontal gyrus of frontal lobe.

2

Broca's
1) speech fluidity
2) comprehension
3) repetition

1) confluent
2) intact
3) Impaired

3

Wernicke's
1) speech fluidity
2) comprehension
3) repetition

1) fluent
2) Impaired
3) impaired

4

Wernicke area

Superior temporal gyrus of temporal lobe

5

Conduction aphasia
1) speech fluidity
2) comprehension
3) repetition

1) Fluent
2) intact
3) impaired

6

what causes conduction aphasia?

Lesion to arcuate fascicles.

7

Global aphasia
1) speech fluidity
2) comprehension
3) repetition

1) nonfluent
2) impaired
3) impaired
*broca's, wernickes, arcuate all affected.

8

transcortical motor aphasia?

Lesion in frontal lobe around Broca area but sparing Broca area

9

transcortical motor aphasia
1) speech fluidity
2) comprehension
3) repetition

1) nonfluent
2) intact
3) intact

10

transcortical sensory aphasia?

Temporal lobe area around Wernicke's affected, but WErincke's spared.

11

transcortical sensory aphasia
1) speech fluidity
2) comprehension
3) repetition

1) fluent
2) impaired
3) intact

12

transcortical mixed aphasia?

Broca and Wernicke areas and arcuate fascicles remain intact; surrounding watershed areas affected

13

transcortical, mixed aphasia
1) speech fluidity
2) comprehension
3) repetition

1) nonfluent
2) impaired
3) intact

14

What is kluver-bucy associated with?

HSV-1 encephalitis

15

Frontal lobe lesion presents with

1) disinhibition
2) deficits in concentration, orientation, judgment

16

What do reemergence of primitive reflexes suggest?

frontal lobe lesion

17

Lesion to nondominant parietal cortex presents with...

hemispatial neglect syndrome

18

hemispatial neglect syndrome?

Agnosia of the *contralateral side of the world.

19

Lesion to dominant parietal cortex presents with...

Gerstmann syndrome -agraphia, acalculia, finger agnosia, left-right disorientation.

20

Where is the reticular activating system?

midbrain

21

Presentation of lesion to reticular activating system?

Reduced levels of arousal and wakefulness (eg, coma)

22

What can precipitate wernicke's?

Giving glucose without B1 to a B1-deficient patient.

23

Lesion to basal ganglia presents with...

tremor at rest, chorea, athetosis

24

Damage to cerebellar hemisphere presents with..

1) intention tremor
2) limb ataxia
3) loss of balance
*Hemispheres are laterally located and affect lateral limbs.

25

What is cerebellar degeneration associated with?

chronic alcoholism

26

presentation of lesion to cerebellar vermis

truncal ataxia, dysarthria

27

Presentation of bilateral lesion to hippocampus..

Anterograde amnesia--(no new memories)

28

Presentation of lesion to paramedic pontine reticular formation...

Eyes look away from side of lesion.

29

Presentation of lesion to frontal eye fields...

Eyes look toward lesion

30

Homunculus look likes..

FA 465