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Flashcards in Chapter 1 pt. 1 Deck (25):
1

What book talks about common misconceptions about psychology?

"50 Great Myths of Popular Psychology"

2

What is psychology?

empirical study of behavior and the mental/physiological processes underlying behavior/cognition

3

empirical means verified by ______________/______________

observation/experience

4

myth or fact:
most people use only 10% of their brain power

myth

5

myth or fact:
playing Mozart’s music to infants has not been proven to boost their intelligence

fact

6

myth or fact:
hypothesis is a unique “trance” state that differs in kind from wakefulness

myth

7

myth or fact:
hypothesis is useful for retrieving memories of forgotten events

myth

8

myth or fact:
the polygraph (lie detector) test is not an accurate means of detecting dishonesty

fact

9

myth or fact:
opposites attract: We are most romantically attracted to people who differ from us

myth

10

myth or fact:
people with schizophrenia have multiple personalities

myth

11

myth or fact:
a large portion of criminals successfully use the insanity defense

myth

12

psychology is a "________ Science"

Practical

13

psychology is a "practical ________"

Science

14

What is the possible subject matter(s) in psychology?

1. consciousness
2. perception (all senses)
3. learning
4. memory
5. development
6. psychological disorders/treatments

15

abnormal psychology is a ____ _______ of the puzzle

small piece

16

assumptions without _________ _________ or myths can be harmful!

empirical evidence

17

the more we understand about behavior and the brain, the more we can develop __________ and ____________ _________!

treatments
preventative measures

18

the more we understand about _________ and the _____, the more we can develop treatments and preventative measures!

behavior
brain

19

psychology has intellectual roots in ___________ and ___________

physiology
philosophy

20

List the stages of psychology in order.

1. intellectual roots in physiology and philosophy
2. structuralism
3. functionalism
4. psychoanalysis
5. behaviorism
6. humanism

21

the term psychology comes from two Greek words:
(1) ________, meaning the soul
(2) ______, referring to the study of a subject


(1) psyche
(2) logos

22

the term psychology comes from two Greek words:
(1)psyche, meaning the _____
(2)logos, referring to the _____ of a ________

soul
study
subject

23

____________, literally means, “the study of the mind"

psychology

24

psychology, literally means, “____ ______ __ ___ _____"

the study of the mind

25

What are the themes in psychology?

theme 1: psychology is empirical

theme 2: psychology is theoretically diverse

theme 3: psychology evolves in a sociohistorical context

theme 4: behavior is determined by multiple causes

theme 5: behavior is shaped by cultural heritage

theme 6: heredity and environment jointly influence behavior (i.e. nature or nurture)

theme 7: people’s experience of the world is highly subjective