Chapter 9 pt. 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 9 pt. 2 Deck (37):
1

Cannon and Washburn discover there is an ___________ between stomach contractions and the experience of hunger

association

2

Cannon and Washburn discover there is an association between ?

stomach contractions and the experience of hunger

3

True or False: Researchers have shown that individuals continue to experience hunger even after their stomachs have been surgically removed

True

4

What are the two results damage to the hypothalamus can have on hunger?

1. show little to no interest in eating
2. they would excessively eat and gain weight rapidly.

5

What part does the vagus nerve messages play in your digestive regulation?

Tells you how full your stomach is

6

What are the two types of messages received in digestive regulation?

1. vagus nerve messages
2. satiety messages

7

What digestive regulation system is responsible for tuning on hunger?

lateral

8

What digestive regulation system is responsible for tuning off hunger?

ventromedial

9

What systems are responsible for short-term hormonal regulation?

1. insulin
2. ghrelin
3. CCK

10

What system is responsible for long-term hormonal regulation?

leptin

11

What are the main environmental motivations for hunger?

availability
preferences and habits

12

What affects the availability of environmental motivation of hunger?

- palatability
- quantity
- variety
- presence of others

13

What affects one preferences and habits when it comes to hunger?

- classical conditioning
- observational learning

14

_____ and sex are often paired.

Food

15

Food and ____ are often paired.

sex

16

Who was one of the forerunners of sexual orientation?

Alfred Kinsey

17

According to Psychoanalytic Theorists, what is homosexuality a result of?

a weak, detached father and a overprotective, overly attached mother

18

According to Behavioral Theorists what is homosexuality a result of?

a learned preference acquired when same-sex stimuli are paired with sexual arousal

19

Are Psychoanalytic and Behavioral Theories of sexual orientation, environmental or biological?

environmental

20

True or False: Neither of these ( Psychoanalytic and Behavioral Theories of sexual orientation), theories have been supported by research.

True

21

True or False: There is evidence that parents sexual orientation is linked to that of their children.

false: There is no evidence that suggests this

22

Feminine behavior in young _____ and masculine behavior in young _____ has been shown to predict the development of homosexuality.

boys
girls

23

_________ behavior in young boys and _________ behavior in young girls has been shown to predict the development of homosexuality.

Feminine
masculine

24

Feminine behavior in young boys and masculine behavior in young girls has been shown to predict the development of ___________.

homosexuality

25

Homosexual individuals report that they can trace their homosexuality back to early __________

childhood

26

The root of homosexuality may be more __________ than environmental.

biological

27

According to Bailey and Pillard:
-___% of the participants’ identical twins were homosexual
-___% of the participants’ fraternal twins were homosexual
-___% of the participants’ adoptive brothers were homosexual

52%
22%
11%

28

According to Bailey and Pillard:
- 52% of the participants’ _______ twins were homosexual
- 22% of the participants’ _______ twins were homosexual
- 11% of the participants’ ________ brothers were homosexual

identical
fraternal
adoptive

29

According to _______ and _______:
- 52% of the participants’ identical twins were homosexual
- 22% of the participants’ fraternal twins were homosexual
- 11% of the participants’ adoptive brothers were homosexual

Bailey
Pillard

30

Family, Twin, and Adoption studies support that homosexuality is influenced by ______ factors.

genetic

31

______, _____, and _________ studies support that homosexuality is influenced by genetic factors.

Family
Twin
Adoption

32

Given that identical twins share more genetic overlap than fraternal twins, who in turn share more genetic overlap than adoptive siblings, these results suggest a ________ _____________ for homosexuality.

genetic predisposition

33

Given that identical twins share more ________ _______ than fraternal twins, who in turn share more genetic overlap than adoptive siblings, these results suggest a genetic predisposition for homosexuality.

genetic overlap

34

Given that identical twins share more genetic overlap than fraternal twins, who in turn share more ________ ________ than adoptive siblings, these results suggest a genetic predisposition for homosexuality.

genetic overlap

35

Given that ________ twins share more genetic overlap than ________ twins, who in turn share more genetic overlap than adoptive siblings, these results suggest a genetic predisposition for homosexuality.

identical
fraternal

36

Given that identical twins share more genetic overlap than ________ twins, who in turn share more genetic overlap than ________ siblings, these results suggest a genetic predisposition for homosexuality.

fraternal
adoptive

37

Given that ________ twins share more genetic overlap than fraternal twins, who in turn share more genetic overlap than ________ siblings, these results suggest a genetic predisposition for homosexuality.

identical
adoptive