Chapter 11 pt. 3 Flashcards Preview

Psychology 101 > Chapter 11 pt. 3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 11 pt. 3 Deck (47):
1

What are the stages of psychosexual development?

1. oral (0-1)
2. anal (2-3)
3. phallic (4-5)
4. latency (6-12)
5. genital (puberty onward)

2

What is the erotic focus in the oral stage?

mouth (sucking, biting)

3

What is the erotic focus in the anal stage?

anus (expelling or retaining feces)

4

What is the erotic focus in the phallic stage?

genital (masturbating)

5

What is the erotic focus in the latency stage?

none (sexually repressed)

6

What is the erotic focus in the genital stage?

genitals (being sexually intimate)

7

What are the key tasks and experiences of the oral stage?

weaning (from breast or bottle)

8

What are the key tasks and experiences of the anal stage?

toilet training

9

What are the key tasks and experiences of the phallic stage?

identifying with Adult Role Models; Coping with Oedipal Crisis

10

What are the key tasks and experiences of the latency stage?

expanding social contracts

11

What are the key tasks and experiences of the genital stage?

establishing intimate relationships; contributing to society through working

12

Freud believed that fixation at the _____ stage led to obsessive eating and smoking

oral

13

Freud believed that fixation at the oral stage led to obsessive _______ and ________

eating
smoking

14

The anal stage may lead to ______ _________ and _________ due to harsh toilet training.

sexual difficulties
resentment

15

The anal stage may lead to sexual difficulties and resentment due to harsh ______ ________.

toilet training

16

The latency stage may lead to ______ their of same-sex parent.

resent

17

The latency stage may lead to resent their of _____-____ parent.

same-sex

18

At which stage of psychosexual development do sexual urges reappear?

genital stage

19

What is the difference between behaviorism and humanism?

behaviorism: theoretical perspective which suggests that only observable behavior should be studied
Humanism: theoretical perspective that emphasizes the unique qualities of humans

20

What is personality according to B.F. Skinner?

personality is a collection of responses that are tied to various stimulus situations

21

Social Learning Theory incorporates _______ _________ __________ with behaviorist principles.

internal cognitive processes

22

_______ __________ _______ incorporates internal cognitive processes with behaviorist principles.

Social Learning Theory

23

Social Learning Theory incorporates internal cognitive processes with __________ _________.

behaviorist principles

24

Was Albert Bandura a behaviorist or humanist?

behaviorist

25

According to Albert Bandura, when does observational learning occurs?

when an organism’s response is influenced by observing others (models)

26

According to Albert Bandura: Response tendencies are the product of __________.

imitation

27

According to Albert Bandura:
Personality characteristics can also be “_________” from others

absorbed

28

Albert Bandura suggested personality characteristics determine which ________ are imitated.

behaviors

29

Albert Bandura suggested personality characteristics determine which behaviors are ________.

imitated

30

What is self-efficacy?

belief about one’s ability to perform behaviors

31

What is the person-situation controversy?

people make responses that they think will lead to reinforcement in a particular situation

32

Is Walter Mischel a behaviorist or a humanist?

behaviorist

33

Walter Mischel suggests that personality (of a specific individual) can differ from _________ to _________ .

situation

34

______ _______ suggests that personality (of a specific individual) can differ from situation to situation.

Walter Mischel

35

What is humanism?

theoretical perspective that emphasizes the unique qualities of humans

36

Who are the founders of humanism?

Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow

37

Humanism emphasizes ___________ and _______ to make personal changes.

independence
freedom

38

Humanism believed humans are _______ and in control of their __________ (i.e., not dominated by unconscious thoughts)

rational
behaviors

39

Humanism:
_________ Perception > _________ Reality

Subjective
Objective

40

Humanism:
Subjective _________ > Objective ________

Perception
Reality

41

Explain Carl Rogers Person Centered Theory.

personality is re-termed to place focus on the individual

42

What is "the self"?

a collection of beliefs about ones own nature, qualities, behaviors

43

What is incongruence?

-gap between self-concept and reality
-self-concept does not meh well with actual experience

44

Abraham Maslow believed psychology should take an interest in the _______ mind.

healthy

45

List Maslow's hierarchy of needs from bottom to top.

- physiological needs
- safety and security needs
- belongingness and love needs
- esteem needs
- cognitive needs
- aesthetic needs
- need for self-actualization

46

According to Maslow's hierarchy of needs:
-__________ if lower needs are satisfied
-__________ if lower needs are not being satisfied

Progression
Regression

47

List the new approach to Maslow's hierarchy of needs.

- physiological needs
- self-protection needs
- affiliation needs
- status/esteem needs
- mate acquisition
- mate retention
- parenting