Final Exam pt. 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Final Exam pt. 3 Deck (51):
1

What are the three main categories of treatment?

1. insight therapies
2. behavioral therapies
3. biomedical therapies

2

What type of therapies are insight therapies?

1. talk therapies
2. psychoanalysis
3. client-centered therapy
4. group therapy
5. systematic therapies

3

What type of therapies are behavioral therapies?

1. systematic desensitization
2. aversion therapy
3. cognitive-behavioral therapy

4

What type of therapies are biomedical therapies?

1. Drug treatments
2. Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT)

5

Deinstitutionalization refers to the movement away from inpatient treatment in mental hospitals to more ___________-based treatment.

community

6

_________________ refers to the movement away from inpatient treatment in mental hospitals to more community-based treatment.

Deinstitutionalization

7

What are the problems with deinstitutionalization?

- “revolving door” patients
- Homeless mentally ill

8

When did deinstitutionalization occur?

In the 1960s

9

What are the three main categories of treatment?

1. Insight Therapy
2. Behavioral Therapy
3. Biomedical Therapy

10

What type of therapies are insight therapy?

1. Talk Therapy
2. Psychoanalysis
3. Client-Centered Therapy
4. Group Therapy
5. Systematic Therapy

11

What type of therapies are behavioral therapy?

1. Systematic desensitization
2. Aversion Therapy
3. Cognitive-behavioral Therapy

12

What type of therapies are biomedical therapy?

1. Drug Treatment
2. Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT)

13

Which main treatment/therapy is this: Goal is to gain understanding into the nature of a client’s difficulties in order to generate possible solutions?

insight therapy

14

Which main treatment/therapy is this: Using the principles of learning to alter behaviors, such as problematic responses or maladaptive habits?

behavioral therapy

15

Which main treatment/therapy is this: Intervening at the level of a person’s biological functioning?

biomedical therapy

16

What type of people are more likely to seek treatment?

women and caucasians

17

About __/__ of people get treatment who need it

1/3

18

About ___% of the population uses mental health services in a given year.

15

19

Psychologists prefer what type of treatments?

insight therapy
behavioral therapy

20

Psychiatrists prefer what type of treatments?

medical therapy

21

_____ Therapy enhances client’s self-knowledge.

Talk

22

Talk Therapy enhances client’s _____-__________.

self-knowledge

23

What are the four techniques of psychoanalysis?

1. free association
2. dream analysis
3. resistance
4. transference

24

__________ focuses on the recovery of unconscious conflicts, motives and defenses.

Psychoanalysis

25

What are the goals of psychoanalysis?

abandoning defense mechanisms and resolving conflicts

26

Which technique of psychoanalysis is this: client spontaneously expresses thoughts/feelings?

free association

27

Which technique of psychoanalysis is this: therapist interprets symbolic meanings?

dream analysis

28

Which technique of psychoanalysis is this: client’s defense mechanisms that hinder therapy?

resistance

29

Which technique of psychoanalysis is this: client relates to therapist in ways that mimic other important relationships?

transference

30

What is the goal of client-centered therapy?

to develop self-acceptance through becoming comfortable with the genuine self

31

Rogers argued that three elements were key to client-centered therapy:
1. ____________-communicating with honest
2. _________ _______ ______-nonjudgmental acceptance of the client
3. ________- understanding a client’s point of view

genuineness
unconditional positive regard
empathy

32

Rogers argued that three elements were key to client-centered therapy:
1. genuineness-
2. unconditional positive regard-
3. empathy-

1. communicating with honest
2. nonjudgmental acceptance of the client
3. understanding a client’s point of view

33

In ______ _______ Therapy client/therapist are equals.

Client-Centered

34

In Client-Centered Therapy ______/________ are equals.

client/therapist

35

In Client-Centered Therapy the therapist does not provide ________ or ______.

guidance
advice

36

In ______ ________ Therapy the therapist does not provide guidance or advice.

Client-Centered

37

In Client-Centered Therapy the therapist acts as a ______, _________ emotions and themes with enhanced ________

mirror
reflecting
clarity

38

In ______ _________ Therapy the therapist acts as a mirror, reflecting emotions and themes with enhanced clarity.

Client-Centered

39

What is the client's role in group therapy?

- providing acceptance and emotional support
- practice social skills
- interpersonal feedback
- trade coping strategies

40

What is the therapist's role in group therapy?

-selecting participants
-setting goals
-moderating the therapeutic process

41

What are the different types of systemic therapies?

1. couple/marital therapy
2. family therapy

42

What are the limitations in research, in insight therapies?

1. spontaneous remission
2. subjectivity

43

Insight Therapies are superior treatment to _______ (or absence of therapy).

placebo

44

______ Therapies are superior treatment to placebo (or absence of therapy).

Insight

45

_______ Therapies provides durability of improvements.

Insight

46

Insight Therapies provides durability of ___________.

improvements

47

Insight Therapies as effective as _____ therapies

drug

48

_______ Therapies as effective as drug therapies.

Insight

49

In Insight Therapies improvements are noticeable in first __-__ weeks.

13-18

50

In _______ Therapies are improvements noticeable in first 13-18 weeks.

Insight

51

What are the most important factors in insight therapy?

(1) the development of a therapeutic alliance between client and therapist,
(2) emotional support and empathy from the therapist,
(3) hope, or positive expectation of a good outcome,
(4) provision of a rationale that makes sense of the client’s problem and outlines a course of treatment,
(5) opportunity for the client to express feelings and “try out” new ideas, new insights, and possible solutions.