Flashcards in Chapter 4 pt. 1 Deck (31):
Vision is basically your eyes absorbing _____
The danger of radiation is dependent of its __________
True or False: not all radiation is dangerous
Light is ___________ radiation, it travels in waves.
Light is electromagnetic radiation, it travels in ______.
Amplitude or Wavelength: the height of a light wave
Amplitude or Wavelength: the brightness of light
Amplitude or Wavelength: distance between peaks in light
Amplitude or Wavelength: Hue the color of the light
True or False: when it comes to light, the longer the wavelength the more dangerous it is
False, the shorter the wavelength the more dangerous it is
True or False: the shorter the wavelength the more dangerous it is
different wavelengths added together
The eye houses the _____ and channels light toward it
How does light enter the eye?
1. light enters your eye then...
2. ...to lens: focuses the light on the retina (back of the eye)...
3. …past the ciliary muscles...
4. …axons bundle together to form optic nerve, which goes to the brain...
ring of muscle in the eye
______ size regulates the amount of light
pupil size regulates the amount of ______
the back of your eye that has cones
How does nearsightedness occur?
- the focus of light from distant objects falls a little short of the retina
- the eye is elongated, like an oval, so the image does not quite reach the retina (naturally)
How does farsightedness occur?
-The focus of light from close objects falls behind the retina.
- eye is like a squished circle
the retina contains two types of receptors, _____ and ______
Rods or cones: night vision (sensitive dim light)
Rods or cones: faster dark adaptation
Rods or cones: daylight vision and color vision (provide sharpness and detail in bright light)
Rods or cones: focused in fovea
Does your eye have more rods or cones?
How do visuals travel through the brain?
2. Optic Chiasm
3. Lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN)
4. Superior colliculus
5. Visual Cortex
Explain the Trichromatic Theory.
We perceive color by comparing the responses of three types of cones,
- each of which is sensitive to a different part of the range of visible wavelengths (e.g. short, medium, or long)
Why does color blindness occur?
Usually only one or two types of color receptors are faulty – most commonly red & green
Many people with color blindness still see what colors?
blue and yellow