Chapter 5 pt. 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 5 pt. 2 Deck (35):
1

What are the three main psychoactive drugs?

1. Opiates
2. Stimulants
3. Sedatives

2

What are the characteristics of opiates?

1. euphoria, relaxation, pain relief, anxiety reduction
2. lethargy, itchiness, impaired mental functioning
3. increases activity of opioid and dopamine receptors

3

What are some examples of opiates?

Morphine, Heroin, and Oxycodone

4

Which type of drug is this: euphoria, relaxation, pain relief, anxiety reduction

Opiates

5

Which type of drug is this: lethargy, itchiness, impaired mental functioning

Opiates

6

Which type of drug is this: increases activity of opioid and dopamine receptors

Opiates

7

List the (actual) stimulants discussed in class.

1. cocaine
2. amphetamine
3. methamphetamine
4. nicotine

8

List the characteristics of cocaine.

1. euphoria, increased energy, elation
2. increased heart rate and blood pressure
3. blocks repute of Epinephrine and dopamine

9

What type of drug is this: euphoria, increased energy, elation

cocaine

10

What type of drug is this: increased heart rate and blood pressure

cocaine

11

What type of drug is this: blocks repute of Epinephrine and dopamine

cocaine

12

List the characteristics of amphetamines.

1. same effects as cocaine, but more intense
2. stimulates production of epinephrine and dopamine

13

List the characteristics of methamphetamine.

same effects/mechanism as amphetamine, but more intense

14

List the characteristics of Nicotine.

increases acetylcholine activity

15

List the characteristics of caffeine.

1. increased vigilance, attention, heart rate
2. inhibits adenosine receptors

16

What type of drug is this: same effects as cocaine, but more intense

amphetamines

17

What type of drug is this: stimulates production of epinephrine and dopamine

amphetamines

18

What type of drug is this: same effects/mechanism as amphetamine, but more intense

methamphetamine

19

What type of drug is this: increases acetylcholine activity

nicotine

20

What type of drug is this: increased vigilance, attention, heart rate

caffeine

21

What type of drug is this: inhibits adenosine receptors

caffeine

22

________, ____________, and ____________ have very high potential for psychological/physical dependence.

cocaine
amphetamines
methamphetamine

23

Give an example of a Sedative.

Benzodiazepines/Barbiturats

24

What are the characteristics of Benzodiazepines/Barbiturates?

1. euphoria, relaxation, lethargy
2. anxiety reduction/reduced inhibition
3. impaired mental functioning
4. enhances GABA and dopamine
5. ugh potential for psychological and physical dependence

25

What type of drug is this: euphoria, relaxation, lethargy

Benzodiazepines/Barbiturates

26

What type of drug is this: anxiety reduction/reduced inhibition

Benzodiazepines/Barbiturates

27

What type of drug is this: impaired mental functioning

Benzodiazepines/Barbiturates

28

What type of drug is this: enhances GABA and dopamine

Benzodiazepines/Barbiturates

29

What type of drug is this: ugh potential for psychological and physical dependence

Benzodiazepines/Barbiturates

30

What neurotransmitters does alcohol increase and decrease?

It increases GABA and decreases Glutamate

31

_______ is ultimately a sedative despite some initial increase in energy

Alcohol

32

True or False: alcohol has potential for physical and psychological dependency

true

33

What are the general symptoms of hallucinogens?

1. Increased sensory awareness, hallucinations, dreamlike “mystical feelings”
2. Can result in some panic

34

What are the types of hallucinogens?

1. LSD
2. Mescaline
3. Psilocybin (mushrooms
4. DMT

35

True or False: we have empirical data about why hallucinations occur

False