Exam #2 Short Answer pt. 2 Flashcards Preview

Psychology 101 > Exam #2 Short Answer pt. 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam #2 Short Answer pt. 2 Deck (26):
1

What are the three main stages of prenatal period?

1. germinal
2. embryonic
3. fetal

2

The _________ stage occurs from 0 to 2 weeks.

germinal

3

The germinal stage occurs from __ to __ weeks.

0
2

4

The embryonic stage occurs from __ weeks to __ months.

2
2

5

The _________ stage occurs from 2 weeks to 2 months.

embryonic

6

The ______ stage occurs from 2 months to birth.

fetal

7

The fetal stage occurs from __ months to birth.

2

8

What organs are formed during the germinal stage?

- initially formed cell begins to rapidly divide and multiply
- zygote migrates to uterus and implants on wall
- placenta is formed

9

What organs are formed during the embryonic stage?

- most of vital organs (heart, spine, brain) form
- embryo at about 2 weeks, neural tube just formed

10

What organs are formed during the fetal stage?

- muscles and bones develop
- sex organs develop in the 3rd month
- auditory system (peripheral) developed around 6 mo.
- neural development continues

11

What is the age of viability?

the point in which a baby can live outside of the womb

12

The age of viability occurs from __ to __ weeks

23
26

13

- 23 weeks ___% survival, if born prematurely
- 26 weeks 75% survival, if born prematurely

50%

14

- 23 weeks 50% survival, if born prematurely
-___ weeks 75% survival, if born prematurely

26

15

- ___ weeks 50% survival, if born prematurely
- 26 weeks 75% survival, if born prematurely

23

16

- 23 weeks 50% survival, if born prematurely
- 26 weeks ___% survival, if born prematurely

75%

17

What is attachment?

Close, emotional bond between infants & caregivers

18

What are the 3 main types of attachment theories?

1. secure
2. anxious-ambivalent
3. avoidant

19

Describe secure attachment.

- explore while caregiver is present, upset when she leaves
- Most common
-associated w/curiosity, leadership, resilience

20

Describe Anxious-Ambivalent attachement.

-shows moderate anxiety when caregiver is present, high anxiety when she leaves, moderate when she returns

21

Describe Avoidant attachment.

babies sought little contact with mothers and were not distressed when she left

22

List Piaget's Stages of Development.

1. Sensorimotor
2. Preoperational period
3. Concrete operational
4. Formal operational

23

What occurs during Piaget's Sensorimotor Stage?

1. object permanence- the understanding that an object still exists, even though it can’t be seen
2. coordination of sensory input and motor responses; development of object permanence

24

What occurs during Piaget's Preoperational stage?

1. Centration- the tendency to focus on just one feature of a problem
2. Irreversibility- the inability to envision reversing an action
3. Egocentrism – limited ability to share another’s view point

25

What occurs during Piaget's Concrete operational stage?

1. Decentration – the ability to focus on more than just one feature of a problem
2. Begin mastery of concrete operations, but struggle with hierarchical classification
3. mental operations applied to concrete events; mastery of conversation, hierarchical classification
4. Decline in egocentrism

26

What occurs during Piaget's Formal operational stage?

mental operations, applied to abstract ideas; logical, systematic thinking