Chapter 6 pt. 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 6 pt. 1 Deck (27):
1

What is learning?

any long-lasting change in behavior that is due to experience

2

How do we learn?

through observation or experience

3

Classical Conditioning, aka Pavlovian Conditioning, is a stimulus that acquires the capacity to __________ evoke a response that was _________ evoked by another stimulus

unnaturally
naturally

4

_________ ____________ is also known as Classical Conditioning.

Pavlovian Conditioning

5

Pavlovian Conditioning is also known as ___________ _____________

Classical Conditioning

6

So what does naturally and unnaturally mean?

a previously neutral stimulus (textbook) now elicits hunger/salvation through conditioning

7

unconditioned association:
___________ ________ (____) evokes an unconditional response (UR) without conditioning

unconditioned stimulus (US)

8

unconditioned association:
unconditioned stimulus (US) evokes an ___________ _________ (____) without conditioning

unconditional response (UR)

9

___________ ___________:
unconditioned stimulus (US) evokes an unconditional response (UR) _________ conditioning

unconditioned association
without

10

What are the two types of association?

1. unconditioned association
2. conditioned association

11

Is this conditioned or unconditioned association:
looking at a hamburger and getting hungry

unconditioned association

12

Conditioned Association:
___________ _______ (____) evokes a conditioned response (CR) as a result of conditioning

conditioned stimulus (CS)

13

Conditioned Association:
Conditioned stimulus (CS) evokes a ___________ ________ (____) as a result of conditioning

conditioned response (CR)

14

Conditioned Association:
Conditioned stimulus (CS) evokes a conditioned response (CR) __ _ ______ of conditioning

as a result

15

__________ __________:
Conditioned stimulus (CS) evokes a conditioned response (CR) as a result of conditioning

conditioned association

16

Is this conditioned or unconditioned association: looking at a textbook and getting hungry

conditioned association

17

Situation 1:
"Every Monday and Wednesday you walk to class, which happens to be located in CBC. To get to class, you have to turn a sharp corner which is usually an area that is no cause for excitement.
One day, you turn the corner a bit sharper than normal and see a giant spider at eye level! You jump back, and continue to walk to class. The next time you see that corner, your heart speeds up and you carefully turn the corner, although there is no spider to be found…."

Find the unconditioned/conditioned stimulus & unconditioned/conditioned response.

1. Unconditioned stimulus (US)-Spider
2. Unconditioned response (UR)- Fear (elevated heart rate, etc)
3. Conditioned stimulus (CS)- Corner in CBC
4. Conditioned response (CR)- Fear

18

Situation 2:
"Every Friday, you and your friends celebrate finishing another tough week at school by walking over to Stake Out and getting a few beers. In addition to delicious cold brews, Stake Out also happens to have some of the best/cheapest chicken fingers around.
One Thursday, you find yourself walking the very same path that you would normally take to Stake Out, although this time you are simply running errands. You find yourself suddenly craving a beer and an order of chicken fingers even though you just ate lunch an hour ago…"

Find the unconditioned/conditioned stimulus & unconditioned/conditioned response.

1. Unconditioned stimulus (US)- Food/beer
2. Unconditioned response (UR)- Salivation/hunger/thirst
3. Conditioned stimulus (CS)- Path to Stake Out
4. Conditioned response (CR)- Salivation/hunger/thirst

19

true or false: the conditioned response (CR) and the unconditioned response (UR) are always the same

true

20

What is adaptive about classical conditioning?

this is the type of learning that does not require a lot of cognitive effort, your brain somewhat does it for you

21

What is the difference between phobias and fear?

-phobias, have a disproportionate response to fear
-fear, is an unpleasant response, the size of the response is relatively normal to the size of fear

22

How is marketing conditioning us?

commercials will often use tactics like using positive or popular music to convince people to buy their product

23

List the stages of conditioning.

1. Acquisition
2. Extinction
3. Spontaneous recovery
4. Renewal effect

24

When it comes to the acquisition stage of conditioning, stimulus contiguity (ie _______) is a factor.

proximity

25

When it comes to the acquisition stage of conditioning, ________ ________ (ie proximity) is a factor.

stimulus contiguity

26

What is acquisition?

two things being paired together

27

a recovery of a conditioned response even though you’ve already extinguished it

spontaneous recovery