Final Exam pt. 4 Flashcards Preview

Psychology 101 > Final Exam pt. 4 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Final Exam pt. 4 Deck (44):
1

Behavior therapy is based on what 2 assumptions?

1. behavior is a product of learning
2. what has been learned can unlearned

2

Which main therapy is this: involve the pricinples of learning and conditioning to direct efforts to change client’s maladaptive behaviors?

Behavior Therapy

3

What are the three steps of systematic desensitization?

Step 1: the therapist helps the client build on anxiety hierarchy
Step 2: Deep Muscle Relaxation
Step 3: Client tries to work through the hierarchy, learning to remain relaxed while imaging each stimulus

4

Systematic Desensitization is used to weaken the association between the __________ _______ and the conditioned response of anxiety.

conditioned stimulus

5

Systematic Desensitization is used to weaken the association between the conditioned stimulus and the _________ ________ of ________.

conditioned response
anxiety

6

_________ _____________ is used to weaken the association between the conditioned stimulus and the conditioned response of anxiety.

Systematic Desensitization

7

________ therapy is the most controversial of the behavior therapies.

Aversion

8

In Aversion therapy an ________ ________ is paired with a stimulus that elicits an undesirable response.

aversive stimulus

9

In ________ therapy an aversive stimulus is paired with a stimulus that elicits an undesirable response.

Aversion

10

In Aversion therapy an aversive stimulus is paired with a stimulus that elicits an __________ response.

undesirable

11

What has aversion therapy been used for?

(1) alcohol and drug abuse
(2) sexual deviance
(3) smoking
(4) shoplifting
(5) gambling
(6) stuttering
(7) overeating.

12

________ _________ Therapy involves correcting “habitual thinking errors".

Cognitive-Behavioral

13

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy involves correcting “________ _______ ______".

"habitual thinking errors"

14

What type of drugs are anti-anxiety drugs?

Valium, Xanax, Prozac, Paxil

15

What type of drugs are anti-depressant drugs?

Wellbutrin, Nardil, Prozac, Paxil

16

What type of drugs reduce tension, apprehension, and nervousness?

anti-anxiety drugs

17

____-______ drugs have immediate affect but short-lived effects.

Anti-anxiety

18

Anti-anxiety drugs have _________ affect but short-lived effects.

immediate

19

Anti-anxiety drugs have immediate affect but _____-_____ effects.

short-lived

20

_____-______ drugs have potential for abuse, dependence, & overdose.

Anti-anxiety

21

Anti-anxiety drugs have potential for ______, _________, & ________.

abuse
dependence
overdose

22

Anti-anxiety drugs have potential to experience ________.

withdrawal

23

What type of drugs are antipsychotic drugs?

Thorazine, Mellarill, Haldol, Stelazine, Clozaril

24

Antipsychotic Drugs are used to treat psychotic disorders, primarily ___________.

schizophrenia

25

Antipsychotic drugs affect schizophrenia's positive or negative symptoms

positive

26

What was the difference between first generation and second generation antipsychotic disorders?

First Generation antipsychotic:
-typical
-"tight" binding
-limbic system & cerebral cortex
-basal ganglia=motor dysfunction
Second Generatio antipsychotic:
-atypical
-lower risks motor dysfunction
-higher risk of metabolic side effects

27

Antipsychotic drugs decrease activity at certain subtypes of ________ receptors.

Dopamine

28

What are the side effects of antipsychotic drugs?

-drowsiness
-constipation
-dry mouth
-motor effects
-medication noncompliance

29

Antidepressants are used to treat?

- depression
- OCD
- Panic Disorder

30

Antidepressants create gradual or immediate effects?

gradual effects

31

Antidepressants elevate _____.

mood

32

What type of drugs are mood stabilizers?

Lithium, Valproate

33

Mood stabilizers are drugs used to control depression & mania in ______ disorder.

bipolar

34

_____ _________ are drugs used to control depression & mania in bipolar disorder.

Mood stabilizers

35

What are the dangerous side effects of lithium?

- high concentrations can be toxic % fatal
- Kidney & Thyroid gland complications

36

Which is a better mood stabilizer, lithium or valproate?

valproate

37

Lithium is also known as an __________.

anticonvulsant

38

_______ is also known as an anticonvulsant.

Lithium

39

What are the criticisms of drug therapies?

-Not as effective as advertised
-overprescription
-Side effects are underestimated
-Pharmaceutical industry has heavy influence on drug research
-high relapse rates

40

What is elctroconculsive therapy (ECT)?

Electric shock is used to produce cortical seizure accompanied by convulsions

41

Elctroconculsive therapy (ECT) is used primarily to treat _________.

depression

42

What are the side effects electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)?

memory loss, impaired attention, & other cognitive deficits

Usually mild and disappear within 1 month

43

What do advocates say about electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)?

-Very effective treatment for depression
-Improvement in those who don’t benefit from antidepressants

44

What do opponents say about electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)?

-Studies are flawed and inconclusive, so probably no more effective than placebo
-Relapse rates are high