Chapter 11 pt. 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 11 pt. 2 Deck (39):
1

Dog people had slightly higher scores on what factors of the five-factor model of personality?

- extraversion
- agreeableness
- conscientiousness

2

Cat people had slightly higher scores on what factors of the five-factor model of personality?

- neuroticism
- openness

3

psychodynamic theories-> descend from ________ ______’s work

Sigmund Freud

4

____________ theories-> descend from Sigmund Freud’s work

psychodynamic

5

Psychoanalytic theories= years of data + ____________

psychoanalysis

6

Psychoanalytic theories= years of _____ + psychoanalysis

data

7

____________ theories= years of data + psychoanalysis

Psychoanalytic

8

____________ theories attempts to explain personality, motivation, and psychological disorders.

Psychoanalytic

9

Psychoanalytic theories attempts to explain __________, ________, and ____________ _________.

personality
motivation
psychological disorders

10

Psychoanalytic Theories focused on the __________.

unconscious

11

According to Sigmund Freud what are the three main structures of personality?

1. id
2. ego
3. superego

12

What is the difference between id, ego, and superego?

id: instictive, primitive personaltiy component
ego: the decision-making component
superego: the moral component, incorporates social standards with morality

13

Which structure of personality is this according to Freud: operates using pleasure principle, which demands immediate satisfaction of urges?

id

14

Which structure of personality is this according to Freud: operates using the reality principle, process that delays gratification of id (i.e., the self-control component)?

ego

15

Which structure of personality is this according to Freud: like the ego, the superego operates at all three levels of awareness?

superego

16

What is behavior according Freud's structure of personality?

behavior is the outcome of these three “battling”

17

Explain the conflict between the three components of Freud's structure of personality.

id: gratify urges immediately
ego: holds urges in check w/reality
superego: holds urges in check w/ morality

18

These conflicts [between structures of personality] lead to _______, which causes the ego to construct _________ ____________, exercises in self-deception, as protection

anxiety
defense mechanisms

19

What are Freud's levels of Awareness?

1. Conscious
2. Preconscious
3. Unconscious

20

Which level of consciousness is this: fully aware, includes processes induced from external (sensory) and internal (thoughts) sources?

Conscious

21

Which level of consciousness is this: material just under the surface, retrievable?

Preconscious

22

Which level of consciousness is this: thoughts, memories, desires well under conscious awareness, BUT are able to influence conscious behavior?

Unconscious

23

What are the ego's defense mechanisms?

1. repression
2. projection
3. displacement
4. reaction formation
5. regression
6. rationalization
7. identification
8. sublimation

24

Which ego defense mechanism is this: keeping distressing thoughts and feelings buried in the unconscious

repression

25

Which ego defense mechanism is this: a traumatized soldier has no recollection of the details of a close brush with death

repression

26

Which ego defense mechanism is this: attributing one’s own thoughts, feelings or motives to another

projection

27

Which ego defense mechanism is this: a woman who dislikes her boss thinks she likes her boss but feels that the boss doesn’t like her

projection

28

Which ego defense mechanism is this: diverting emotional feelings (usually anger) from their original source to a substitute target

displacement

29

Which ego defense mechanism is this: after a parental scolding, a young girl takes her anger out on her little brother

displacement

30

Which ego defense mechanism is this: behaving in a way that is exactly the opposite of one’s true feelings

reaction formation

31

Which ego defense mechanism is this: a parent who unconsciously resents a child spoils the child with outlandish gifts

reaction formation

32

Which ego defense mechanism is this: a reversion to immature patterns of behavior

regression

33

Which ego defense mechanism is this: an adult has a temper tantrum when he doesn’t get his way

regression

34

Which ego defense mechanism is this: creating false but plausible excuses to justify unacceptable behavior

rationalization

35

Which ego defense mechanism is this: a student watches TV instead of studying, saying that “additional study wouldn’t do any good anyway

rationalization

36

Which ego defense mechanism is this: bolstering self-esteem by forming an imaginary or real alliance with some person or group

identification

37

Which ego defense mechanism is this: an insecure young man joins a fraternity to boost his self-esteem

identification

38

Which ego defense mechanism is this: channeling unconscious, unacceptable impulses into socially acceptable or admirable activities

sublimation

39

Which ego defense mechanism is this: a person obsesses with sex becomes a sex therapist and helps others with their sexual problems

sublimation