Flashcards in Chapter 1 pt. 2 Deck (44):
physiology and philosophy,
explored questions about ______________ and _________
__________ and __________,
explored questions about consciousness and perception
Philosophers are interested in the __________ __________
_____________ are interested in the existential questions
Who campaigned to make psychology an independent discipline?
Wilhelm Wundt campaigned to make psychology an ____________ ____________.
Who established the first laboratory for the study of psychology in 1879
Wilhelm Wundt established the first _________ for the study of _________ in 1879
Wilhelm Wundt established the first laboratory for the study of psychology in _____.
Who defined psychology as the scientific study of conscious experience?
Wilhelm Wundt defined psychology as?
the scientific study of conscious experience
What is consciousness?
the awareness of immediate experience
Wilhelm Wundt studied ___________ and __________
Who was one of the forerunners of structuralism?
Edward Titchener believed ___________ was composed of many ________ elements
__________ ________, - believed consciousness was composed of many discreet elements
Whose research was focused on identifying each component? What stage of psychology?
Who studied sensation and perception? What stage os psychology?
What is structuralism?
based on the notion that the task of psychology is to analyze consciousness into its basic elements and investigate how these elements are related
Who was one of the forerunners of functionalism?
William James believed psychology should focus on the ________ or ________ of consciousness (applied perspective)
functionalism argued for the ""_______ of consciousness"
___________ argued for the "stream of consciousness"
What sort of things did functionalism study?
development, education, gender differences, mental testing
What stage of psychology was the first area where women were allowed into psychology?
Who developed the idea of psychoanalysis?
Sigmund Freud desired to __________ and treat ________ ________
Who and what stage of psychoanalysis developed the concept of "unconscious"?
What is a "Freudian slip"?
our unconscious desires can come out in inopportune times
Our true feelings
Sigmund Freud was originally an Austrian ___________
Sigmund Freud proposed that behavior is greatly influenced by how people cope with their ______ urges
Why Freud's ideas caused controversy?
He emphasized sexuality and suggested that people are not masters of their own minds.
Who were the two forerunners of behaviorism?
(1) John B Watson
(2) B.F. Skinner
Who believed in the study of observable behavior (i.e., overt response or activity)? What stage of psychology?
John B Watson
John B Watson abandoned study of _____________, mental events are "_________ _______"
John B Watson started the beginning of ________ research in psychology
Who started the trend of animal research in psychology?
John B Watson
Who said behavior is governed by environment, “we are born as blank slates”?
John B Watson
John B Watson stated that behavior is governed by ___________, "we are born as _______ ______"
B.F. Skinner said ____________ __________ should be studied and are sufficient to understand behavior
Who said observable responses should be studied and are sufficient to understand behavior?
B.F. Skinner believed behaviors are driven by ______________
According to B.F. Skinner __________ factors shape behavior entirely, _____ _____ is an illusion