Chapter 1 pt. 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 1 pt. 2 Deck (44):
1

physiology and philosophy,
explored questions about ______________ and _________

consciousness
perception

2

__________ and __________,
explored questions about consciousness and perception

physiology
philosophy

3

Philosophers are interested in the __________ __________

existential questions

4

_____________ are interested in the existential questions

philosophers

5

Who campaigned to make psychology an independent discipline?

Wilhelm Wundt

6

Wilhelm Wundt campaigned to make psychology an ____________ ____________.

independent discipline

7

Who established the first laboratory for the study of psychology in 1879

Wilhelm Wundt

8

Wilhelm Wundt established the first _________ for the study of _________ in 1879

laboratory
psychology

9

Wilhelm Wundt established the first laboratory for the study of psychology in _____.

1879

10

Who defined psychology as the scientific study of conscious experience?

Wilhelm Wundt

11

Wilhelm Wundt defined psychology as?

the scientific study of conscious experience

12

What is consciousness?

the awareness of immediate experience

13

Wilhelm Wundt studied ___________ and __________

sensation
perception

14

Who was one of the forerunners of structuralism?

Edward Titchener

15

Edward Titchener believed ___________ was composed of many ________ elements

consciousness
discreet

16

__________ ________, - believed consciousness was composed of many discreet elements

Edward Titchener

17

Whose research was focused on identifying each component? What stage of psychology?

Edward Titchener
Structuralism

18

Who studied sensation and perception? What stage os psychology?

Edward Titchner
Structuralism

19

What is structuralism?

based on the notion that the task of psychology is to analyze consciousness into its basic elements and investigate how these elements are related

20

Who was one of the forerunners of functionalism?

William James

21

William James believed psychology should focus on the ________ or ________ of consciousness (applied perspective)

function
purpose

22

functionalism argued for the ""_______ of consciousness"

stream

23

___________ argued for the "stream of consciousness"

functionalism

24

What sort of things did functionalism study?

development, education, gender differences, mental testing

25

What stage of psychology was the first area where women were allowed into psychology?

functionalism

26

Who developed the idea of psychoanalysis?

Sigmund Freud

27

Sigmund Freud desired to __________ and treat ________ ________

diagnose
mental disorders

28

Who and what stage of psychoanalysis developed the concept of "unconscious"?

Sigmund Frued
psychoanalysis

29

What is a "Freudian slip"?

our unconscious desires can come out in inopportune times
Our true feelings

30

Sigmund Freud was originally an Austrian ___________

neurologist

31

Sigmund Freud proposed that behavior is greatly influenced by how people cope with their ______ urges

sexual

32

Why Freud's ideas caused controversy?

He emphasized sexuality and suggested that people are not masters of their own minds.

33

Who were the two forerunners of behaviorism?

(1) John B Watson
(2) B.F. Skinner

34

Who believed in the study of observable behavior (i.e., overt response or activity)? What stage of psychology?

John B Watson
, Behaviorism

35

John B Watson abandoned study of _____________, mental events are "_________ _______"

consciousness
"private events"

36

John B Watson started the beginning of ________ research in psychology

animal

37

Who started the trend of animal research in psychology?

John B Watson

38

Who said behavior is governed by environment, “we are born as blank slates”?

John B Watson

39

John B Watson stated that behavior is governed by ___________, "we are born as _______ ______"

environment
blank slates

40

B.F. Skinner said ____________ __________ should be studied and are sufficient to understand behavior

observable responses

41

Who said observable responses should be studied and are sufficient to understand behavior?

B.F. Skinner

42

B.F. Skinner believed behaviors are driven by ______________

consequences

43

According to B.F. Skinner __________ factors shape behavior entirely, _____ _____ is an illusion

environmental
free will

44

according to B.F. Skinner, organisms tend to repeat responses that lead to ________ outcomes, and they tend not to repeat responses that lead to________ or ________ outcomes

positive
neutral
negative