Chapter 5 pt. 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 5 pt. 1 Deck (34):
1

How is brain activity measured?

historically measured using electroencephalography (EEG)

2

EEG = ________ + ENCEPHALON (THE BRAIN) + GRAPH

ELECTRO

3

EEG = ELECTRO + ENCEPHALON (THE BRAIN) + _______

GRAPH

4

____ = ELECTRO + ENCEPHALON (THE BRAIN) + GRAPH

EEG

5

EEG = ELECTRO + ____________ (THE BRAIN) + GRAPH

ENCEPHALON

6

List the EEG patterns of consciousness.

Beta
Alpha
Theta
Delta

7

Which stage of consciousness is this: normal walking thought

BETA

8

Which stage of consciousness is this: alert problem solving

BETA

9

Which stage of consciousness is this: deep relaxation

ALPHA

10

Which stage of consciousness is this: blank mind

ALPHA

11

Which stage of consciousness is this: meditation

ALPHA

12

Which stage of consciousness is this: light sleep

THETA

13

Which stage of consciousness is this: deep sleep

THETA

14

List the sleep stages.

stage 1: rhythmic alpha waves
stage 2: sleep spindles
stage 3/4: slow delta waves
stage 5: REM

15

Slow delta waves and REM are important for ________ _____________

memory consolidation

16

_____ ______ _____ and _____ are important for memory consolidation

Slow delta wave
REM

17

_____ is characterized by frequent and vivid dreams

REM

18

REM is characterized by frequent and vivid _______

dreams

19

True or False: dreams only happen in REM

False, dreaming happens in other stages as well

20

Dreaming while in _____ is often called "paradoxical sleeping".

REM

21

Dreaming while in REM is often called "___________ ________".

paradoxical sleeping

22

What are the characteristics of paradoxical (or REM) sleeping?

1. muscles are extremely relaxed
2. difficult to wake someone up
3. But brainwaves are similar to when we’re awake

23

What is the difference between physical dependence and psychological dependence?

Physical Dependence:
1. someone taking in a drug consistently, your body will make adaptions for the presence of that drug
2. taken drugs away can result in withdrawal
3. can be resolved in a matter of days

Psychological Dependence:
1. depend on it to maintain normalcy
2. much harder to get rid of than physical (make take years and therapy)

24

What are the two forms of tolerance?

1. your body processes it more efficiently to get it out of your body (short term tolerance)
2. neural tolerance; your brain (long term)

25

What is an overdose?

1. occurs when drug consumption surpasses “safe” level
2. serious danger occurs when this impacts autonomic functions

26

What are some of the results of an overdose?

1. coma
2. brain damage
3. respiratory failure
4. heart attack
5. death

27

What is the difference between mediation and hypnosis?

Hypnosis is a systematic procedure that induces a heightened state of suggestibility
Meditation is a heightened awareness. Unlike hypnosis, attention is focused, mental processes under voluntary control .

28

APA considers hypnosis and effective therapeutic technique for?

- pain management
- anxiety disorders
- mood disorders

29

What are the theories about how hypnosis works?

1. Role Playing Theory
2. Dissociation Theory

30

What are the styles of meditation?

- focused attention
- open monitoring

31

What are the three dream theories?

1. Wish Fulfillment
2. Problem-Solving
3. Activation-synthesis model

32

Explain the Wish Fulfillment dream theory.

Freud argued dreams reflect unconscious desires and fears/anxieties

33

Explain the Problem-Solving dream theory.

Dreams let us work through problems

34

Explain the Activation-synthesis model.

Dreams are simply byproducts of random information organized in some way