Flashcards in Chapter 5 pt. 1 Deck (34):
How is brain activity measured?
historically measured using electroencephalography (EEG)
EEG = ________ + ENCEPHALON (THE BRAIN) + GRAPH
EEG = ELECTRO + ENCEPHALON (THE BRAIN) + _______
____ = ELECTRO + ENCEPHALON (THE BRAIN) + GRAPH
EEG = ELECTRO + ____________ (THE BRAIN) + GRAPH
List the EEG patterns of consciousness.
Which stage of consciousness is this: normal walking thought
Which stage of consciousness is this: alert problem solving
Which stage of consciousness is this: deep relaxation
Which stage of consciousness is this: blank mind
Which stage of consciousness is this: meditation
Which stage of consciousness is this: light sleep
Which stage of consciousness is this: deep sleep
List the sleep stages.
stage 1: rhythmic alpha waves
stage 2: sleep spindles
stage 3/4: slow delta waves
stage 5: REM
Slow delta waves and REM are important for ________ _____________
_____ ______ _____ and _____ are important for memory consolidation
Slow delta wave
_____ is characterized by frequent and vivid dreams
REM is characterized by frequent and vivid _______
True or False: dreams only happen in REM
False, dreaming happens in other stages as well
Dreaming while in _____ is often called "paradoxical sleeping".
Dreaming while in REM is often called "___________ ________".
What are the characteristics of paradoxical (or REM) sleeping?
1. muscles are extremely relaxed
2. difficult to wake someone up
3. But brainwaves are similar to when we’re awake
What is the difference between physical dependence and psychological dependence?
1. someone taking in a drug consistently, your body will make adaptions for the presence of that drug
2. taken drugs away can result in withdrawal
3. can be resolved in a matter of days
1. depend on it to maintain normalcy
2. much harder to get rid of than physical (make take years and therapy)
What are the two forms of tolerance?
1. your body processes it more efficiently to get it out of your body (short term tolerance)
2. neural tolerance; your brain (long term)
What is an overdose?
1. occurs when drug consumption surpasses “safe” level
2. serious danger occurs when this impacts autonomic functions
What are some of the results of an overdose?
2. brain damage
3. respiratory failure
4. heart attack
What is the difference between mediation and hypnosis?
Hypnosis is a systematic procedure that induces a heightened state of suggestibility
Meditation is a heightened awareness. Unlike hypnosis, attention is focused, mental processes under voluntary control .
APA considers hypnosis and effective therapeutic technique for?
- pain management
- anxiety disorders
- mood disorders
What are the theories about how hypnosis works?
1. Role Playing Theory
2. Dissociation Theory
What are the styles of meditation?
- focused attention
- open monitoring
What are the three dream theories?
1. Wish Fulfillment
3. Activation-synthesis model
Explain the Wish Fulfillment dream theory.
Freud argued dreams reflect unconscious desires and fears/anxieties
Explain the Problem-Solving dream theory.
Dreams let us work through problems