Chapter 9 pt. 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 9 pt. 1 Deck (32):
1

the needs, wants, interests, and desires that propel individuals in certain directions.

motives

2

________ are goal directed behavior.

Motives

3

Motives are goal directed ________.

behavior

4

Motives are ____ directed behavior.

goal

5

Motives are goal ________ behavior.

directed

6

What are the three main motivational theories?

1. Drive Theories
2. Incentive Theories
3. Evolutionary Theories

7

Drive theories were derived from ______ _______’s observation that organisms seek to maintain homeostasis or physiological equilibrium.

Walter Cannon

8

Drive theories were derived from Walter Cannon’s observation that organisms seek to maintain ___________ or ___________ ____________.

homeostasis
physiological equilibrium

9

______ _________ were derived from Walter Cannon’s observation that organisms seek to maintain homeostasis or physiological equilibrium.

Drive theories

10

______ is a hypothetical, internal state of tension that motivates an organism to engage in activities that should reduce this tension.

Drive

11

______ theory is the push theory of motivational theories.

Drive

12

Drive theory is the _____ theory of motivational theories.

push

13

How is drive theory the push theory of motivational theories?

Internal states of tension push us towards a certain direction.

14

According to drive theory, _________ lies within the organism.

motivation

15

According to drive theory, motivation lies within the _________.

organism

16

According to _____ theory, motivation lies within the organism.

drive

17

Which of the main theories of motivational theories is this: provides a biological explanation of behavior.

Drive Theories

18

Which of the main theories of motivational theories is this: motivated to pursue actions that result in drive reductio.

Drive Theories

19

True or False: Drive Theories are motivated to pursue actions that result in drive increasing.

False; it results in drive reduction

20

According to incentive theory, ________ ________ regulate motivational states.

external stimuli

21

According to _________ theory, external stimuli regulate motivational states.

incentive

22

According to incentive theory, external stimuli regulate ___________ states.

motivational

23

an external goal that has the capacity to motivate behavior.

incentive

24

_______ theory is a pull theory.

Incentive

25

Incentive theory is a ____ theory.

pull

26

How is incentive theory a pull theory?

External stimuli pull us towards certain directions.

27

Which motivational theory is this: Motivation lies outside the organism?

incentive theory

28

_______ Theories provide an environmental explanation of behavior.

Incentive

29

Incentive Theories provide an ___________ explanation of behavior.

environmental

30

What is the one point that all motivational theorists agree on?

We display an enormous amount of motives.

31

According to evolutionary theories, _______ ________ favors behaviors that maximize reproductive success.

natural selection

32

According to evolutionary theories, natural selection favors behaviors that maximize ___________ success.

reproductive