Flashcards in Chapter 9 pt. 1 Deck (32):
the needs, wants, interests, and desires that propel individuals in certain directions.
________ are goal directed behavior.
Motives are goal directed ________.
Motives are ____ directed behavior.
Motives are goal ________ behavior.
What are the three main motivational theories?
1. Drive Theories
2. Incentive Theories
3. Evolutionary Theories
Drive theories were derived from ______ _______’s observation that organisms seek to maintain homeostasis or physiological equilibrium.
Drive theories were derived from Walter Cannon’s observation that organisms seek to maintain ___________ or ___________ ____________.
______ _________ were derived from Walter Cannon’s observation that organisms seek to maintain homeostasis or physiological equilibrium.
______ is a hypothetical, internal state of tension that motivates an organism to engage in activities that should reduce this tension.
______ theory is the push theory of motivational theories.
Drive theory is the _____ theory of motivational theories.
How is drive theory the push theory of motivational theories?
Internal states of tension push us towards a certain direction.
According to drive theory, _________ lies within the organism.
According to drive theory, motivation lies within the _________.
According to _____ theory, motivation lies within the organism.
Which of the main theories of motivational theories is this: provides a biological explanation of behavior.
Which of the main theories of motivational theories is this: motivated to pursue actions that result in drive reductio.
True or False: Drive Theories are motivated to pursue actions that result in drive increasing.
False; it results in drive reduction
According to incentive theory, ________ ________ regulate motivational states.
According to _________ theory, external stimuli regulate motivational states.
According to incentive theory, external stimuli regulate ___________ states.
an external goal that has the capacity to motivate behavior.
_______ theory is a pull theory.
Incentive theory is a ____ theory.
How is incentive theory a pull theory?
External stimuli pull us towards certain directions.
Which motivational theory is this: Motivation lies outside the organism?
_______ Theories provide an environmental explanation of behavior.
Incentive Theories provide an ___________ explanation of behavior.
What is the one point that all motivational theorists agree on?
We display an enormous amount of motives.
According to evolutionary theories, _______ ________ favors behaviors that maximize reproductive success.