Chpt. 9, Eastern Europe Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chpt. 9, Eastern Europe Deck (15)
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1
Q

Hagia Sophia

A

a new church constructed in Constantinople during the reign of Justinian

2
Q

Belisarius

A

one of Justinain’s most important military commanders during the period of reconquest of western Europe; he commanded in north Africa and Italy

3
Q

Greek fire

A

A Byzantine weapon consisting of a mixture of chemiclas that ignited when exposed to water. It wa used to drive back the Arab fleets that attacked Constantinople.

4
Q

Bulgaria

A

a Slavic kingdom established in northern portions of the Balkan peninsula; it was a constant source of pressure on the Byzantine Empire until it was defeated by Byzantine Emperor Basil the 2nd in 1014

5
Q

icon

A

an artistic representation, usually of a religious figure; their use

6
Q

Saint Cyril

A

Along with Methodius, he was a missionary sent by the Byzantine government to eastern Europe and the Balkans who converted southern Russia and the Balkans to Orthodox Christianity. They were responsible for the creation of a written script for Slavic known as Cyrillic.

7
Q

Saint Methodius

A

Along with Cyril, he was a missionary sent by the Byzantine government to eastern Europe and the Balkans who converted southern Russia and the Balkans to Orthodox Christianity. They were responsible for the creation of a written script for Slavic known as Cyrillic.

8
Q

Kiev

A

A trade city in southern Russia that was established by Scandinavian traders in the 9th century. It became a focal point for the kingdom of Russia that flourished to the 12th century.

9
Q

Rurik

A

A legendary Scandinavian who was regarded as the founder of the first kingdom of Russia based in Kiev in 855 CE.

10
Q

Kievan Rus’

A

The predecessor to modern Russia, this was a medieval state which existed from the end of the 9th to the middle of the 13th century. Its territory spanned parts of modern Belarus, Ukraine, and Russia.

11
Q

Vladimir 1

A

The ruler of the Russian kingdom of Kiev from 980 to 1015, he converted the kingdom to Christianity.

12
Q

Russian Orthodoxy

A

A Russian form of Christianity imported from the Byzantine Empire and combined with local religion. The king, characteristically of Russia, controlled major appointments.

13
Q

Yaroslav

A

The last great Kievan monarch, he issued legal codification based on formal codes developed in Byzantium.

14
Q

boyars

A

The Russian aristocrats who possessed less political power than did their counterparts in western Europe.

15
Q

Tatars

A

Mongols who captured Russian cities and largely destroyed the Kievan state in 1236; they left Russian Orthodoxy and aristocracy intact.