Chpt. 15, The Changing Power Balance Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chpt. 15, The Changing Power Balance Deck (11)
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1
Q

Zheng He

A

a Chinese Muslim admiral who commanded a series of Persian Gulf, Indian Ocan, and Red Sea trade expeditions under the third Ming emperor, Yunglo, between 1405 and 1433

2
Q

Renaissance

A

a cultural and political movement that in western Europe that began in Italy c. 1400; rested on urban vitality and expanding commerce, and featured a literature and art with distinctly more secular priorities than those of the Middle Ages

3
Q

Francesco Petrarch

A

one of the major literary figures of the Western Renaissance; an Italian author and humanist

4
Q

Castile

A

along with Aragon, a regional kingdom of the Iberian peninsula; they pressed reconquest of the peninsula from the Muslims and developed a vigorous military and religious agenda; ruled by Queen Isabella, and allied with Aragon through marriage to Ferdinand

5
Q

Aragon

A

along with Castile, a regional kingdom of the Iberian peninsula; they pressed reconquest of the peninsula from the Muslims and developed a vigorous military and religious agenda; ruled by King Ferdinand, and allied with Castile through marriage to Queen Isabella

6
Q

Vivaldis

A

two Genoese brothers who attempted to find a Western route to the “Indies” and disappeared in 1291; they were a precursor to the European thrust into the southern Atlantic

7
Q

Vasco da Gama

A

a Portuguese captain who sailed for India in 1497; he established an early Portuguese dominance in the Indian Ocean

8
Q

Prince Henry the Navigator

A

a Portuguese prince responsible for the direction of series of expeditions along the African coast in the 15th century; marked the beginning of western European expansion

9
Q

ethnocentrism

A

a habitual disposition to judge foreign peoples or groups by the standards and practices of one’s own culture or ethnic group

10
Q

Ibn Rushd (Averroës in the West)

A

a famed Islamic philosopher from (Islamic) Cordoba, Spain, who asserted that knowledge can come in two ways: from religion and faith, but also from reason; he was exiled for his teachings, but his writings had great influence on Christian education and philosophy

11
Q

al-Ghazali

A

a more typical Islamic philosopher, who in his book “The Destruction of the Philosophers” argued that it is impossible to discover religious truth by human reason