Flashcards in Chpt. 13, Japan, Korea, and Vietnam Deck (26):
attempt to remake Japanese monarch into an absolute Chinese-style emperor; included attempts to create professional bureaucracy and peasant conscript army
The Tale of Genji
Written by Lady Murasaki, this was the first novel in the world, and it related the life history of a prominent and amorous son of the Japanese emperor. It provides evidence for the mannered style of Japanese society.
A Japanese aristocratic family in the mid-9th century that exercised exceptional influence in imperial affairs and aided in the decline of imperial power.
regional warrior leaders in Japan who ruled small kingdoms from fortresses and administered the law, supervised public works projects, collected revenues, and built up private armies.
mounted troops of Japanese warrior leaders (bushi) loyal to local lords, not the emperor
ritual suicide or disembowelment in Japan; commonly known in the West as hara-kiri, it demonstrated courage and a means to restore family honor
A powerful Japanese family in the Gempei Wars that established a military government (bakufu) in 12th century Japan.
Defeated the rival Taira family in the Gempei Wars and established military government (bakufu) in 12th century Japan.
Waged for five years from 1180, on Honshu between Taira and Minamoto familes; resulted in the destruction of the Taira.
military government established by the Minamoto following the Gempei Wars; centered at Kamakura; retained emperor, but real power resided in the military government and the samurai
military leaders of the bakufu (military governments in Japan)
A warrior family closely allied with the Minamoto that dominated the Kamakura regime and manipulated Minamoto rulers who claimed to rule in the name of the Japanese emperor at Kyoto.
A member of the Minamoto family who overthrew the Kamakura regime and established the Ashikaga Shogunate from 1336-1573. He drove the emporer from Kyoto to Yoshino.
Replaced the Kamakura regime in Japan and ruled form 1336 to 1573, destroying the rival Yoshino center of imperial authority.
warlord rulers of 300 small states following the civil war and disruptions of Ashikaga Shogunate; holding consolidated into unified and bounded min-states
the earliest Korean kingdom; conquered by Han emperor in 109 BCE
tribal people of northern Korea; established as an independent kingdom in the northern half of the peninsula in 37 BC; adopted cultural Sinification
independent Korean kingdom in southeastern part of peninsula; defeated Koguryo along with their Chinese Tang allies; submitted as a vassal of the Tang emperor and agreed to tribute payment; ruled a united Korea by 668
an independent Korean kingdom in the southeastern part of the peninsula; defeated by rival Silla kingdom and its Chinese Tang allies in the 7th century
the extensive adoption of Chinese culture; typical of Korea and Japan, less of Vietnam
the Korean dynasty that succeeded the Koryo dynasty following the period of Mongol invasions; established in 1392; ruled Korea to 1910; restored aristocratic dominance and Chinese influence
Indianized rivals of the Vietnamese; moved into Mekong River delta region at the time of the Vietnamese drive to the south
leaders of one of the frequent peasant rebellions in Vietnam against Chinese rule; revolt broke out in 39 CE; demonstrates the importance of Vietnamese women in indigenous Vietnamese society
Indianized rivals of the Vietnamese; driven into the highlands by the successful Vietnamese drive to the south
rival Vietnamese dynasty that arose in southern Vietnam to challenge the traditional dynasty of Trinh in the north at Hanoi; this kingdom was centered on the Red and Mekong Rivers; capital at Hue