Chpt. 13, Japan, Korea, and Vietnam Flashcards Preview

AP World Learning > Chpt. 13, Japan, Korea, and Vietnam > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chpt. 13, Japan, Korea, and Vietnam Deck (26)
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1
Q

Taika Reforms

A

attempt to remake Japanese monarch into an absolute Chinese-style emperor; included attempts to create professional bureaucracy and peasant conscript army

2
Q

The Tale of Genji

A

Written by Lady Murasaki, this was the first novel in the world, and it related the life history of a prominent and amorous son of the Japanese emperor. It provides evidence for the mannered style of Japanese society.

3
Q

Fujiwara

A

A Japanese aristocratic family in the mid-9th century that exercised exceptional influence in imperial affairs and aided in the decline of imperial power.

4
Q

bushi

A

regional warrior leaders in Japan who ruled small kingdoms from fortresses and administered the law, supervised public works projects, collected revenues, and built up private armies.

5
Q

samurai

A

mounted troops of Japanese warrior leaders (bushi) loyal to local lords, not the emperor

6
Q

seppuku

A

ritual suicide or disembowelment in Japan; commonly known in the West as hara-kiri, it demonstrated courage and a means to restore family honor

7
Q

Taira

A

A powerful Japanese family in the Gempei Wars that established a military government (bakufu) in 12th century Japan.

8
Q

Minamoto

A

Defeated the rival Taira family in the Gempei Wars and established military government (bakufu) in 12th century Japan.

9
Q

Gempei Wars

A

Waged for five years from 1180, on Honshu between Taira and Minamoto familes; resulted in the destruction of the Taira.

10
Q

bakafu

A

military government established by the Minamoto following the Gempei Wars; centered at Kamakura; retained emperor, but real power resided in the military government and the samurai

11
Q

shoguns

A

military leaders of the bakufu (military governments in Japan)

12
Q

Hojo

A

A warrior family closely allied with the Minamoto that dominated the Kamakura regime and manipulated Minamoto rulers who claimed to rule in the name of the Japanese emperor at Kyoto.

13
Q

Ashikaga Takuaji

A

A member of the Minamoto family who overthrew the Kamakura regime and established the Ashikaga Shogunate from 1336-1573. He drove the emporer from Kyoto to Yoshino.

14
Q

Ashikaga Shogunate

A

Replaced the Kamakura regime in Japan and ruled form 1336 to 1573, destroying the rival Yoshino center of imperial authority.

15
Q

daimyos

A

warlord rulers of 300 small states following the civil war and disruptions of Ashikaga Shogunate; holding consolidated into unified and bounded min-states

16
Q

Choson

A

the earliest Korean kingdom; conquered by Han emperor in 109 BCE

17
Q

Koguryo

A

tribal people of northern Korea; established as an independent kingdom in the northern half of the peninsula in 37 BC; adopted cultural Sinification

18
Q

Silla

A

independent Korean kingdom in southeastern part of peninsula; defeated Koguryo along with their Chinese Tang allies; submitted as a vassal of the Tang emperor and agreed to tribute payment; ruled a united Korea by 668

19
Q

Paekche

A

an independent Korean kingdom in the southeastern part of the peninsula; defeated by rival Silla kingdom and its Chinese Tang allies in the 7th century

20
Q

Sinification

A

the extensive adoption of Chinese culture; typical of Korea and Japan, less of Vietnam

21
Q

Yi

A

the Korean dynasty that succeeded the Koryo dynasty following the period of Mongol invasions; established in 1392; ruled Korea to 1910; restored aristocratic dominance and Chinese influence

22
Q

Khmers

A

Indianized rivals of the Vietnamese; moved into Mekong River delta region at the time of the Vietnamese drive to the south

23
Q

Trung sisters

A

leaders of one of the frequent peasant rebellions in Vietnam against Chinese rule; revolt broke out in 39 CE; demonstrates the importance of Vietnamese women in indigenous Vietnamese society

24
Q

Chams

A

Indianized rivals of the Vietnamese; driven into the highlands by the successful Vietnamese drive to the south

25
Q

Nguyen

A

rival Vietnamese dynasty that arose in southern Vietnam to challenge the traditional dynasty of Trinh in the north at Hanoi; this kingdom was centered on the Red and Mekong Rivers; capital at Hue

26
Q

Trinh

A

dynasty that ruled in north Vietnam at Hanoi, 1533 to 1772; rivals of Nguyen family in the south