End of WWII and WWII on the Home front Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in End of WWII and WWII on the Home front Vocab Deck (33):
1

Island Hopping?

Going towards Toyko to seize nearby islands to deprive them of supplies and make airplane bases for the US

2

Kamikaze?

Suicide pilots from Japanthat could plunge into ships in hopes of sinking them
They were generally teenage boys and it was a great honor to their families

3

Braceros?

Enployment increased for Mexicans to work as farm laborers

4

Zoot Suit Riots?

Thousands of off duty mexican soldiers and sailors joined with hundreds of civilian whites assulted Hispanics, Blacks, and Filipinos in Los Angeles

5

Rationing?

Created by the OPA
Rationed sugar, cheese, gasoline, rubber, and coffee
National speed limit was 35 mph
Recycle as much to build more military supplies

6

Office of War Mobilization?

If govt wanted production to increase, then they must regulate and direct industrial production

7

Office of Censorship?

designed to promote patrotism and influene public opinion
eamined letters going overseas
causualty figures from pearl harbor were not initially reported
photos of american war dead prohibited for a while
Later the media was encouraged to publicize accounts of Japanese autrocities vs US

8

A Philip Randolph?

Blck leader who organized a march on DC in 1941 to pressure FDR to issue an executive order to ban discrimination industries
Executive Order 8802

9

War Production Board - WPB?


produced more military goods than Germany, Italy, Japan combined
Conversio of economy from civilian to military suplies

10

Office of Price Administration - OPA?

in charge of rationing and was empowere to establish price controls to counteract the war time inflation
Created ration books

11

Executive Order 9066?

110,000 JA were relocated into internment camps
2/3 were US citizens
Most camps were in the remote parts of the west

12

Rosie the Riveter?

Iconic image of woman dressed in overalls who became the symbol women in the male workforce launched by the govt

13

American Civil Labor Union?

Tries to get the liberties back from the 9066
Tries to get liberties back when they are infringed on

14

Congress of Racial Equality (1942)?

Created Civil Rights Organization during WWII that comitted itself to using nonviolent techniues to end racial segregation

15

What was the Supreme Court case that got rid of internment camps?

Korematsu v US

16

Manhattan Project?

Used University professors to create and test the first atomic bombs

17

National War Labor Board - NWLB

Imposed stopping the increasing wages

18

Yalta Conference?

Big 3 meet again
Germany accepts defeat
Decided UN continues
UNITED NATIONS: continued
MOST CONTROVERSIAL: EASTERN EUROPE - especially POLAND
Free Elections: STALIN promised
USSR: desired a “buffer zone” from Germany
ROOTS OF COLD WAR

19

Fair Employment Practices?

Created by FDR after Randolph marched on DC and gave people equality without discrimination in the defense industry

20

Potsdam Conference

GERMANY = DEMILITARIZED
NAZI influence = PURGED from German Culture
UNDECIDED:
Reparations
Occupation of Germany
RESULT = TENSION INCREASED B/T WESTERN ALLIES & USSR

21

Battle of Bulge?

Hitler;'s last attempt to win the war 12/16/44-1/25/45

22

VE Day?

Victory in Europe
5/8/45

23

VJ Day?

Victory in Japan
9/2/45

24

D-Day?

6/6/45
Normandy landing
Liberated Paris

25

War Bonds

debt securities issued by a government to finance military operations and other expenditure in times of war

26

Code Talkers?

Navajo
Use their languange so that Germany and the axis couldnt decifer allied messages

27

Office of War Mobilization?

coordinate all government agencies involved in the war effort

28

Office of Information?

consolidate existing government information services and deliver propaganda both at home and abroad

29

Victory Gardens?

were vegetable, fruit, and herb gardens planted at private residences and public parks in the United States, United Kingdom, Canada, Australia and Germany

30

Iwo Jima?

Battle of Iwo Jima was fought between the Japanese army and the United States Marine
japan fights thee Last Man

31

Okinawa?

Allied forces invade the island of Okinawa and engage the Japanese in the bloodiest battle of the Pacific War.
japan fights thee Last Man

32

Atlantic Charter?

A broad war aims statement from Churchill and FDR

33

Battle of Stalingrad?

Nazis on defensive war for the rest of the war