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Flashcards in Hemoptysis And Lung Cancer Deck (19):
0

Massive hemoptysis?

100 – 600 mL of blood in 24 hours

1

Horners – caused by? Symptoms?

Compression of superior cervical ganglion. Ptosis, miosis, anhydrosis

2

Most common causes of Hemoptysis now? Previously?

Bronchitis and lung cancer.

Tuberculosis, lung abscess, bronchiectasis

3

Chronic copious sputum production suggest?

Bronchiectasis

4

Hemoptysis with an acute onset of pleuritic chest pain and dyspnea suggests?

PE

5

Work up for hemoptysis?

Chest x-ray to look for mass

If chest x-ray reveals mass, fiber-optic bronchoscopy to biopsy

6

Types of non-small cell lung cancer?

Squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, large cell carcinoma

7

Cancer most likely to form cavitary lesions?

Squamous cell cancer

8

Peripheral cancers?

Adenocarcinoma and large cell carcinoma

9

One cancer with least association with smoking? See instead?

Adenocarcinoma. Pulmonary fibrosis/scarring

10

On cancer that tends to metastasize to CNS and mediastinum? Associated with?

Large cell cancer. Associated with SVC syndrome and hoarseness (consequence of laryngeal paralysis)

11

Patient with history of this asbestos exposure: cancer?

Squamous cancer, adenocarcinoma, mesothelioma

12

Cancer that is more likely to respond to chemotherapy?

Small cell carcinoma

13

Unlike other cancers, this is not observed with small cell cancer?

Cavitation

14

Small cell cancer: location? Association with smoking? Cavitation? Time before metastases? Extrapulmonary manifestations?

Central, yes, rare , early,

SIADH, ACTH, Eaton-Lambert, Cushing, peripheral neuropathy

15

Squamous cell: location? Association with smoking? Cavitation? Time before metastases? Extrapulmonary manifestations?

Central, yes, most likely, late, hypercalcemia

16

Adenocarcinoma: location? Association with smoking? Cavitation? Time before metastases? Extrapulmonary manifestations?

Peripheral, no, no, early, thrombophlebitis

17

Large cell: location? Association with smoking? Cavitation? Time before metastases? Extrapulmonary manifestations?

Peripheral, yes, no, late, SVC syndrome and hoarseness

18

Findings that suggest solitary pulmonary nodule is benign?

1. Calcifications
2. Size <2.5 cm
3. No growth after two years

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