UWorld Ophthomology Flashcards Preview

Medicine > UWorld Ophthomology > Flashcards

Flashcards in UWorld Ophthomology Deck (17):
1

Pt presents with painful, red eye. Examine shows keratic precipitates- Diagnosis?

Anterior Uveitis

2

Pt presents with eye pain and ongoing loss of vision - diagnosis?

Open angle glaucoma

3

Sympathetic ophthalmia - presents after? Features? Pathophysiology?

penetrating injury to OTHER eye

Uveitis, papillary edema and blindness

Penetrating injury causes exposure of "hidden antigens" normally separate from body. Immunologic response to causes inflamation to uninjured eye

4

Diabetic with sudden loss of vision and onset of floaters - suspected diagnosis?

Vitreous hemorrhage

5

Pt presents with sudden loss of vision, optic disc swelling and torturous veins - diagnosis? Will also see?

Central retinal vein occlusion

cotten wool spots

6

CMV vs HSV retinitis - pain? Funduscopic findings?

Painless vs pain

Yellow-white fluffy/granular lesions vs conjunctivitis/keratitis

7

Pt has gradual distortion of straight lines (sees them as wavy)?

macular degeneration

8

Cause of enlarged blind spot?

Papilledema

9

Postoperative endopthalmitis - features?

#Pain
#decreased visual acuity
#swollen eyeligs and conjunctiva
#hypopyon

10

Viral vs allergic conjunctivitis ?

Viral prodrome vs hx of asthma

11

Pt presents after hammering/drilling with foreign body sensation. Gross eye exam normal - next step? If negative? If negative?

#Flurescein exam

#If negative, tonometry
#if negative, CT

12

Dacryocystitis?

Infection of the lacrimal sac

13

CMV retinitis vs HIV retinopathy?

Yellow-white fluffy patches and decreased vision versus benign, cotton wool spots

14

Conjunctivitis vs keratitis?

conjunctiva vs cornea

15

Contact wearer at risk for?

pseudomonal keratitis

16

NF1 - associated eye findings?

optic glioma

17

Avoid this drug in acute glaucoma?

Atropine

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