UWorld - Dermatology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in UWorld - Dermatology Deck (21):
1

Suppurative hidradenitis - affects?

Chronic follicular occulsive disease that affects axilla, groin and inframammary regions

#painful inflammatory nodules
#draining sinus tracts

2

Patient chops firewood and gets rash - diagnosis? Presents as?

Sumac dermatitis. Erythematous rash with occasional vesicles on forearms

3

Comedonal Acne presents as? treatment?

Comedones on forehead, nose, chin

#Topical retinoids

#Salicylic
#azelaic
#glycolic acid

4

Inflammatory acne - presents as? treatment for mild, moderate and severe?

Inflamed papules (<5 mm) with pustules and erythema

#Topical retinoids and benzoyl peroxidase

#Add topical antibiotics (erythomycin or clindamycin)

#Add oral antibiotics (doxycycline)

5

Nodular acne - presents as? Treatment for moderate, severe and unresponsive?

Large (>5mm) nodules that can appear cystc, sinus tracts with scarring

#topical retinoid and benzoyl peroxidase and topical antibiotics

#add oral antibiotics

#add oral isotretinoin

6

Herpetic whitlow?

Herpes infection of hand

7

Ichthyosis vulgaris - presentation? worse when?

Skin normal at birth and gradually progresses to dry scaly "lizard skin"

winter

8

Molluscum contagiosum caused by?

Pox virus

9

Primary biliary cirrhosis associated with what cutaneous eye findings?

zanthomas and zanthelasmas

10

Hordeolum?

purulent infection of eyelid glands

11

Acne drug that result in phototoxic skin reaction?

doxycycline

12

Cavernous hemangiomas of brain/viceral associated with?

von Hipple-Lindau disease

13

Pt presents with recurrent chalazion - next step?

Histology to rule out meibomian carcinoma or basal cell carcinoma

14

Old patient resents with purplish non-inflammed skin discoloration. Labs normal. Cause?

Senile purpura - perivascular connective tissue atrophy leading to eccymosis

15

Treatment for dematitis herpetiformis?

dapsone

16

Fungal infection erythema in the area and high fever - think?

Cellulitis (fungal infection as a nidus for bacteria)

17

pt presents with circular patches with central clearing and scaly borders- diagnosis?

Tinea corporis infection

18

Graft vs Host disease - B or T cell primarily involved?

T cells

19

Acanthosis Nigracans associated with?

If sudden?

#Diabetes
#PCOS
#Obesity
#Addisons (if on elbows and face)

Malignancy (mucus membranes, palms, soles)

20

Parkinson's diseases associated with what skin condition?

Severe seborrheix dermatitis

21

Increased skin tags associated with?

#Diabetes
#Pregnancy
#Crohn's Disease (perianal)

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