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Flashcards in hooray.. theres more Deck (26):
1

What is raltegravir

integrase inhibitor vs HIV

2

How does vancomycin work

directly inhibits peptidoglycan synthesis

3

In ATN when do you have fluid overload

maintenance stage
↓ UA output

4

In ATN, what electrolyte problems do you have/ when

Happens in recovery phase

hypokalemia- most serious issue
Hypocalcemia

5

What muscle symptom can hypothyroid present with

↑ CK levels is common presenting symptom

myalgia
proximal muscle weakness
cramping
myoedema

6

What is a major side effect of protease inhibitors in HIV therapy

Hyperglycemia

drugs end in "Navir"

7

Where is most water in kidney absorbed

PCT

8

Can compress anterior cerebral artery.

Cingulate (subfalcine) herniation under
falx cerebri

9

Duret
hemorrhages. Usually fatal.

Downward transtentorial (central)
herniation- caudal displacement of brainstem

10

uncal herniation

Uncus Compresses ipsilateral CN III (blown pupil, “down-and out” gaze)

11

Cerebellar tonsillar herniation into the foramen magnum outcome

coma and death if brainstem compressed

12

What is GLUT

carrier molecule to get glu into cell

13

Need to treat osteoporosis, DM, and htn, use this

thiazide

14

A dry bone marrow tap might be

hairy cell leukemia

middle aged peeps, bone marrow failure, splenomegally

15

Generally, how do fibrates work

↓ VLDL

16

describe biliary atresia

progressive obstruction of bile ducts

s/s: jaundice, dark urine, hyperbilirubinemia in baba

surgery a must or death in 2 years

17

You cannot tell this apart from viral hepatitis and it will kill you in days

fulminant hep from inhaled anesthetics

18

what does glycerol kinase do

glycerol from tri-gly --> glucose in liver

19

What is the first step in FA synthesis

acetyl coa carboxylase

acetyl coa--> malonyl coa

20

what kind of diverticulum is zenker

false

21

whats most important for colon ca in UC

duration and extent of the disease

usually multifocal with anearly p53 mutation

22

a confidence interval of 95% is a p value of

0.05

23

a confidence interval of 99% is a p value of

0.01

24

in the leg whats most common site of compartment syndrome

Anterior compartment '

houses deep peroneal n, and anterior tibial a and v and foot extensors

25

How long can glycogenolysis last you

12-24 hours

26

this thing is in the TCA cycle. But it can leave to go help with gluconeogenesis. what is it?

Oxaloacetate via phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase