Behavioral science Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Behavioral science Deck (34):
1

What characterizes a learning disorder

Difficulty learning a key academic skull
Math writing or reading

When expected to preform children show add symptoms

2

What characterizes attention deficit disorder

The pattern is occuring in at least two settings

3

This is an intrusive reexperiencing, hyperarosal, and avoidance ascociated with a trauma. Lasts days to 1 month

Acute stress disorder

4

How long will stress persist in order to classify something as generalized anxiety disorder

Symptoms over six months

Treat with antidepressents and cognitive behavior therapy

5

This lasts between 3-6 months. Does not fit another diagnosis. Symptoms are anxiety after a stressor

Adjustment disorder

6

Define nonmalficence

Do no harm

Ex: a prescription that is likely to do more harm than good should not be prescribed, even if the patient requests it

7

Describe the onset of postpartum blues, depressions, and mania

Blues: onset 2-3 days, resolves in 10

Depression: onset within 4 weeks

Psychosis: variable

8

What is a child expected to accomplish at three years of age

Imaginitive play in parelel, speak simple sentances, copy a circle, use utensils, and ride a tricycle

9

Sudden onset. Lasts days to a month. Psychotic, alert, orientated. Symptoms not explained by a medical condition

Brief psychotic disorder

10

Can a doctor ever have a relationship with a patient

No. It is always always always unethical despite what school taught you

11

What are the first line treatments for bi polar

Lithium

Valproate- anticonvulsant

Second generation antipsychotic

12

This is a lifelong pattern of seeking perfection, orderliness, and having control. Does not involve compulsions

Obsessive compulsive personality disorder

Does not have intrusive obsession like OCD

13

You have a patient who binges and vomits regularly. She has languo, enlarged parotid, small heart, and a bmi below 18

She is anorexic!!

Apparently To be bullemic you need to be closer to an almost normal weight

14

What if you refuse to eat but are just dandy with how you look

Avoidant/ restrictive food intake disorder. In this, you don't eat cause you don't like food, but you don't have body dysmorphia

15

Bullemics do not show signs of

Starvation!

No little heart, fractures (osteoporosis) etc

16

If pt is compantant, what is the best way to improve adherence at discharge

Giving a discharge checklist

17

What benzos are used with liver disease

Lorazepam

Oxazepam

Temazepam

"Out the liver" which is a weird way of remembering considering these ARNT out the liver.

18

If you want to figure out how to prevent future adverse outcomes

Do a root cause analysis

You must figure out why an adverse event is occuring before you can make suggestions

19

This is a medical error in which the problem is identified before any harm is done

Near miss

20

What is a sentinel event

Unexpected occurance involving death or serious injury to the patient that requires an investigation

Ex: inpatient si, retained object after surgery

21

What is a preventable adverse event

Injury to a patient due to failure to follow evidence based best practice guid lines

22

What is the order of directives you follow when making life saving choices for patients

Patient
Directive
Family member
"Someone who cares and knows wishes"

In emergencies you do not need consent

23

When is a father legally allowed to find out the status of a child (paternity)

Only when child support is requested

24

Define conversion disorder

Neurological symptoms do not line up with a neurological disease

25

Define factious disorder

Patients fake symptoms because they like being sick (attention)

26

Define malingering

Faking symptoms for an obvious benefit (like getting disability)

27

Define somatic symptom disorder

Health anxiety with multiple somatic symptoms

Distress but no loss of function (like conversion)

28

Duty to act in patients best interest

Beneficence

29

Duty to treat people fairly and equitably

Justice

30

Can a drunk Alzheimer's patient revock medical poa

Apartently medical poa can be revoked at anytime regardless of compatance

31

What wins, beneficence or autonomy

Autonomy prevails

32

Describe an HMO

Must have pcp

Needs referals

Low costs to patients

33

Tachypnea will lead to blowing off co2. What change does this have in the brain

Cerebral vasoconstriction.

(Co2 is a cerebral vasodilator. Without it, constriction)

34

What is a cross over study

It is like an RTC, except that the placebos and cases "switch" after a wash out period