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Flashcards in Derm/Rheum Deck (29):
1

When Will you see gluten associated DERM herpatiformis

40s and 50s
Rare in children

2

Where will you see DERM herpetiformis on body

Butt and extensors

3

What mutation is likely causing eczema

Filagrin

Asc w/ impairment of skins barrier function

Usually high ige present

4

A small blue tumor under the nail that hurts is from a cell type doing?

Thermo regulation (smooth m cell) of dermal glomus bodies

Ddx glomangioma

5

What is the lesser trelat sign

Sudden eruption of seborrheic keratosis that arise in response to internal malignancy

6

Nerve and fx of supraspinatous

Supra scapular

aBduction

7

Nerve and function of Infraspinatous

Supra scapular n

External rotation

8

Nerve and fx of teres minor

Axiallary

aDduction

External rotation

9

Subscapularis n and fx

Upper and lower subscap n

aDduction

Internal rotation

10

What cell type is active and targeted to treat gout

PMNs

NSAIDs decrease PMNs
Colchicine preferred if PUD

11

What is the most common rotator cuff injury

Tendon of supraspinatous

Pain with aBduction

12

Targetoid/Bullard rash diffusely after genital lesions might be

Erythema multiforme

Asc with HSV

13

Hyperkeratotic scaly plaque of the face is what, and leads to what

Actinic keratosis

Leads to squamous cell carcinoma

14

How will a basal cell ca look

Pearly papules with central depression or ulcer

15

Radical mastectomy with lymph removal leads to what outcomes

Chronic lymphedema first, which then progresses to development of angiosarcoma

16

The CREST stands for what

Calcinosis

Raynold

Esophogus dsymotility

Scleraldatcyly

Telengitecatsia

17

CREST autoantibody

Anti centromere

18

What is anti histone antibody

Drug induced lupus

19

Compare strawberry and cherry hemangioma

Strawberry - large, tounge people get em. Grows rapidly, regresses

Cherry- small, old people. Do not go away

20

Trendelnburg sign involves what nerve

Superior gluteal

21

Injury of this muscle may compress the sciatic nerve

Piriformis travels through the greater sciatic Foramen with the sciatic nerve

22

What does a frame shift usually result in

A shorter non fx protein

23

This lesion is found on eyelids and is comprised of foamy lipid laden macs

Xanthelasema

Often arises due to conditions that increase cholesterol

24

What cytokine is responsible for fibroblast migration and keloid formation

Transforming growth factor b

Tgf-b

25

What normal human cell had reverse transcriptase activity

Telomerase

Normally expressed in stem cells

26

Spaghetti and meat ball KOH prep

Tinea versicolor

Malassezia species

Hypo or hyper pigmented patches

27

Why does skeletal muscle not get effected by verapamil

Verapamil is a ca drug

Skeletal muscle does not require an influx of extra cellular ca

Smooth and cardiac muscle do relay on this

28

What is the sickle cell mutation

Point mutation

Glutamic acid replaced by valine on beta chain

29

If you peirce your ears conch, what nerve will feel it

Auricular branch of vagus