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Flashcards in 1% I got you ;) Deck (24):
1

what is triple therapy for h pylori

amoxicillin
clarithromycin
omeprazole

2

where is the lesser omentum

it is between liver and lesser curvature, plus some duadinunum

3

if you have acute mitral regurg what is your preload and ejection like

↑ preload from the regurg blood flowing in

↑ EF from frank starling mechanism dealing with all the added pressure

4

describe t whippelii

small intestine fat malabsorption
joint point
CNS involvement

PAS + stain

5

what is wrong in niemann pick

sphingomyelinase deficiency

↑ lipid sphingomyelin

cherry red spot, neuro regression, ↑ spleen/liver

6

how do you tell neiman pick and tay sacs apart

NP= ↑ liver and spleen

TS= only neuro and cherry red spot

7

what does cortisol do to blood sugar

alter gene transcription to conserve blood glucose

8

both glucagon and epi do this

↑ gluconeogenesis and glycogenolysis

9

Epi does this, and glucagon does not

↑ mobilization of gluconeogenic substances

10

what does metyrapone do

inhibits 11- b - hydroxylase

if your HPA axis works, you will have reflexive ↑ in ACTH

11

Where is bile acid absorbed

illium

12

what is sulfasalazine

sulfapyridine (AB) + 5- aminosalicylate aid (antiinflammatory)

treats UC and crohn's

sulfa- AB

sala= aspirin

13

how do OCPs treat hirsutism

combo OCP suppresses LH and ↓ androgen production in ovary

14

what renal manifestation happens in crohn's

↑ oxalate absorption --> ↑ UA oxalate stones

15

what is wrong in hereditary hemochromatosis

excess iron absorption--> organ damage

HFE gene

16

Porcelain Gallbladder might lead to

gallbladder adenocarcinoma

17

rx for arsenic poisoning

Dimercaprol

arsenic can be in insecticide, wood, and well water

breath may have a garlic odor

18

why does arsenic hurt you

inhibits pyruvate dehydrogenase

19

how do you treat lead poisoning

CaNa2EDTA

makes ionized salt

excrets lead in urine

20

chelating agent for iron overdose

deferoxamine

21

Nitrates treat CN poison. What else too?

hydroxocobalamin- binds CN and excretes in the urine

22

why do brain problems lead to ulcers

↑ ICP --> vagal stimulation --> ↑ H secretion--> Ulcer

23

what is addison's

primary adrenal insufficiency

24

what transcription factor makes cytokines

NF-kB