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Flashcards in Just gotta keep it up Deck (37):
1

What does furosemide act on

Loop

Na-K-2Cl

stimulate PG release--> ↑ GFR
*NSAIDS decrease effectiveness

2

What does malignant hypertension do to vessels

Onion skin concentric thickening

3

What is dobutamine

B- agonist

"DO BUgaling" band camp

b--> ↑cAMP--> ↑ Ca

4

What 2 drugs are used for HTN emergency

Nitroprusside- NO--> ↑ cGMP
Fenoldopam- D1 agonist

5

Why is fenoldopam good in HTN emergency

Arteriolar dilation
Increased renal perfusion
Promotes diuresis

6

What is the most common hart problem in SLE

Pericarditis

sharp pleuritic chest pain better when leaning forward

7

What heart sound is characteristic in ASD

Wide fixed splitting of S2 that does not change with breathing

pulm closes late

8

Recombo forms of tPA end in

"plase"

9

If you seen an air fluid level on chest x ray

Lung Abscess

abscess primarily caused by lysosomal enzyme release from macs

10

what is at least 1 thing kawasaki does to the heart

coronary aneurysm

11

What is Enoxaparin

Low molecular weight heparin
good in pregos

12

What vessels does polyarteritis nodosa affect

small and medium sized

Often KIDNEY is predominate

13

How could you hear a LVOT better

↓ preload or afterload

BECAUSE the left chamber will be smaller, and mitral and LV wall will be closer --> worse obstruction

14

What is kussmaul sign

JVP that is worse during inspiration

normal is that JVD is ↓ on inspiration

15

What kind of inflammation is seen in Giant cell and Takayasu

granulomatous

16

Compare developed and undeveloped nations infective endocarditis risk factor

developed: mitral prolapse

non developed: rheumatic

17

Why does cystinuria happen

defective AA transporter

has pretty snowflake sones

18

What can hypovolemia reduce

renal plasma flow

GFR

19

What arteries have ↑ atherosclerosis problems

coronary and aorta

20

When you take a BP,what is the name of the sound you hear

Korotkoff

21

What is the most common NON_CARDIAC reason for pulsus paradoxus

Asthma and COPD

22

What is the most common reason for mitral valve prolapse

defect in mitral connective tissue --> myxomatous degeneration

23

Why does ↑ cGMP --> dilation

↑ cGMP--> decreased myosin light chain enzymes--> smooth muscle relax

24

Amphotericin B causes electrolyte problems because?

Increases distal tube membrane permeability in kidney

25

What is isoproterenol

B1- B2

band camp tunnel

↑ Contractility, ↓ vascular resistance

26

Lipfuscin is the product of

lipid peroxidation

normal for this to accumulate in aging cells

27

What do alpha blockers end in

zosin

28

What heart problem is in turner

co arctation

29

what heart problem is in digeorge

tetralogy

30

what heart problem is in fredrich ataxia

HCM

31

what heart problem in marfran

cystic medial necrosis

32

what heart problem in in tuberous sclerosis

rhabdomyomas

33

What heart problem in down syndrome

Endocardial cushion defect such as:

ostium primum ASD

regurge AV valve

34

What results in dilated intercostal arteries

Adult coarctation

35

What is most potent diuretic

loops

36

What makes an osler node

immune complex deposition in skin- thatswhy they hurt

37

What makes a janeway lesion

microemboli to the skin