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Flashcards in Landmark Supreme Court Cases Deck (32):
1

Marbury v. Madison (1803)

It established the Supreme Court's right to judicial review, which checks the Legislative and Executive branches.

2

McCullouch v. Maryland (1819)

It established that Congress possesses "implied powers" to achieve aims enumerated in the Constitution and that the federal government has supremacy over the state government.

3

Dartmouth College v. Woodward (1819)

It upheld the "sanctity of contracts."

4

Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)

It confirmed Congress's right to regulate interstate commerce.

5

Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857)

It denied citizenship to both slaves and their descendants, therefore denying them protection under the Constitution.

6

Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)

It upheld racial segregation under the "separate but equal" doctrine.

7

Schenck v. the U.S. (1919)

It waived the First Amendment right to free speech when that speech would create a "clear and present danger."

8

Brown v. Board of Education (1954)

It overturned Plessy v. Ferguson, finding that "separate educational facilities are inherently unequal."

9

Mapp v. Ohio (1961)

It established that evidence obtained in violation of the Fourth Amendment (no unreasonable searches, no seizures without warrants) cannot be used in a court of law.

10

Engel v. Vitale (1962)

It banned public prayers in schools.

11

Baker v. Carr (1962)

It established the federal government's right to rule on reapportionment and the fairness of voting districts.

12

Gideon v. Wainwright (1963)

It established the right to a lawyer and required state courts to assign lawyers to those who could not afford one.

13

Miranda v. Arizona (1966)

It established that officers must inform those arrested of the consequences of answering officers' questions.

14

Tinker v. Des Moines School District (1969)

It extended the First Amendment's application to symbolic speech by students in public schools.

15

Roe v. Wade (1973)

It established a woman's right to an abortion.

16

U.S. v. Nixon (1974)

It established that the president does not enjoy unlimited rights, even under the doctrine of "executive privilege."

17

Which case established the Supreme Court's right to judicial review, which checks the Legislative and Executive branches?

Marbury v. Madison (1803)

18

Which case established that Congress possesses "implied powers" to achieve aims enumerated in the Constitution, and that federal government has supremacy over state government?

McCullouch v. Maryland (1819)

19

Which Supreme Court case upheld the "sanctity of contracts"?

Dartmouth College v. Woodward (1819)

20

Which Supreme Court case confirmed Congress's right to regulate interstate commerce?

Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)

21

Which Supreme Court case denied citizenship to both slaves and their descendants, and therefore also denied them protection under the Constitution?

Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857)

22

Which Supreme Court case upheld racial segregation under the "separate but equal" doctrine?

Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)

23

Which Supreme Court case waived the First Amendment right to free speech when that speech would create a "clear and present danger"?

Schenk v. the U.S. (1919)

24

Which Supreme Court case overturned Plessy v. Ferguson, finding that "separate educational facilities are inherently unequal"?

Brown v. Board of Education (1954)

25

Which Supreme Court case established that evidence obtained in violation of the Fourth Amendment cannot be used in a court of law?

Mapp v. Ohio (1961)

26

Which Supreme Court case banned public prayers in schools?

Engel v. Vitale (1962)

27

Which Supreme Court case established the federal government's right to rule on reapportionment and the fairness of voting districts?

Baker v. Carr (1962)

28

Which Supreme Court case established the right to a lawyer and required state courts to assign lawyers to those who could not afford one?

Gideon v. Wainwright (1963)

29

Which Supreme Court case established that officers must inform those arrested of the consequences of answering officers' questions?

Miranda v. Arizona (1966)

30

Which Supreme Court case extended the First Amendment's application to symbolic speech by students in public schools?

Tinker v. Des Moines School District (1969)

31

Which Supreme Court case established a woman's right to an abortion?

Roe v. Wade (1973)

32

Which Supreme Court case established that the president does not enjoy unlimited rights, even under the doctrine of "executive privilege"?

U.S. v. Nixon (1974)