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Flashcards in Whiskey Basics Deck (79):
1

What is the difference between "whisky" and "whiskey"?

  • Canada, Scotland, and Japan spell it "whisky"
  • The United States and Ireland spell it "whiskey"

2

Where did the word "whiskey" originate?

From the Irish Gaelic uisce beatha or Scottish Gaelic uisge beatha, meaning "water of life"

3

What does "malting" liquor mean?

Malting is a process whereby grains are soaked in water to begin germination, but then removed and either dried or heated to prevent further germination.

4

Malt whiskey

  • Made from malted barley
  • Distilled in an onion-shaped pot still

5

Grain whiskey

  • Made from malted and unmalted barley
  • Uses other grains in addition to barley
  • Distilled in a Coffey still

6

Vatted malt whiskey

A blend of malt whiskies from various distilleries

7

Single malt whiskey

  • Malt whiskey from one distillery
  • Usually from several casks and years
  • Meant for the taster to get a well-rounded taste of the distillery
  • Commonly named after the distillery

8

Blended whiskey

  • Made from a combination of malt and grain whiskies
  • Usually a blend of whiskies from many distilleries

9

Cask strength whiskey

  • Rare
  • Bottled from a single cask
  • Undiluted by water

10

How is the age of a whiskey determined?

The age of a whiskey is the amount of time spent in the cask before bottling.

11

What are the 6 types of American whiskey?

  1. Bourbon
  2. Rye
  3. Wheat
  4. Corn
  5. Tennessee
  6. Blended

12

Bourbon

  • Mostly produced in Kentucky
  • Must be made in the USA
  • Must contain at least 51% corn
  • Must be stored for at least two years in new, charred oak casks
  • Cannot be distilled to more than 80% alcohol by volume

13

Bourbon

  • Jim Beam
  • Buffalo Trace
  • Van Winkle
  • Maker's Mark
  • Woodford Reserve
  • Wild Turkey

14

Tennessee whiskey

  • Must be produced in Tennessee
  • Always filtered with sugar-maple charcoal
  • Takes 10 days to filter

15

Tennessee whiskey

  • Jack Daniel's
  • George Dickel Whiskey

16

Rye whiskey

  • Usually blended with other whiskies to add character
  • Must be at least 51% rye
  • Distilled at less than 80% alcohol by volume
  • Stored in new charred oak casks for at least two years
  • Made in Indiana and Kentucky

17

Rye whiskey

  • Wild Turkey Straight Rye Whiskey
  • Rittenhouse Rye Whiskey
  • Van Winkle Family Reserve Rye 13 Year
  • Sazerac Rye Whiskey 18 year

18

Corn whiskey

  • Must be at least 80% corn
  • Does not have to be aged in wood
  • Has to be aged in either un-charred or used bourbon barrels
  • One of the harshest, cheapest whiskey types

19

Corn whiskey

  • Bush Pilot's
  • Shine On Georgia Moon

20

What are the four whiskey types common in Ireland?

  1. single malt
  2. single grain
  3. pure pot still
  4. blended

21

Irish whiskey

  • Uses barley as a main distilling ingredient
  • A mix of malted and unmalted grains
  • Contains grains distilled in a Coffey still
  • Distilled three times

22

Irish whiskey blends

  • Black Bush
  • Jameson
  • Bushmills Original
  • Inishowen
  • Locke's Blend

23

Irish pure pot still whiskeys

  • Green Spot
  • Jameson 15 Year Old Pot Still
  • Redbreast

24

Irish single malt whiskeys

  • Bushmills (10, 16, and 21 Years)
  • Connemara Peated Malt (Regular, Cask Strength, and 12 Years)
  • Locke's Single Malt (8 Year)
  • Tyrconnell

25

Irish single grain whiskeys

Greenore (8 and 10 Years)

26

Scotch whiskey

  • Must be distilled and matured in Scotland
  • Must mature in barrels not exceeding a 700 liter maximum
  • Must contain no additives other than water and spirit caramel to preserve the color
  • Must be distilled at less than 94.8% alcohol by volume

27

What are the 5 types of Scotch whiskey?

  1. blended
  2. single grain
  3. single malt
  4. single cask malt
  5. vatted malt

28

Blended Scotch whisky

  • The majority of Scotch sold worldwide is blended
  • Averages about 80% grain and 20% malts
  • Can have up to 20 different malts in one whisky
  • Each blend has its own distinguished taste

29

Single grain Scotch whisky

  • Made from the whisky of one distillery
  • Contains unmalted barley, corn/wheat, water, and malted barley
  • Rare

30

Single malt scotch

  • peat
  • smoky
  • hints of oak
  • citrus
  • hints of maple sugar and tea

31

Single cask scotch whisky

  • Bottled from one cask
  • Very rare
  • Sometimes bottled without water dilution

32

Vatted malt scotch

  • Made exclusively from malted barley
  • Contains several malt whiskies
  • Never contains any grain whisky

33

American whiskey

  • Made from a grain mash
  • Distilled at 90% or less alcohol by volume
  • Bottled at 40% or more alcohol by volume

34

Bourbon

  • fruity
  • sweet
  • peppery
  • nutty
  • woody

35

Tennessee whiskey

  • smoky flavor
  • woody
  • fruity overtones
  • rich, sweet smell
  • licorice aroma

36

Rye whiskey

  • molasses and hickory aroma
  • vanilla
  • spiced rum
  • charred oak
  • honey
  • toffee

37

Corn whiskey

  • No "good" corn whiskey exists
  • Very harsh initial aroma
  • Reminiscent of moonshine
  • Light corn taste

38

Sour mash

  • A process of distillation
  • When a previously fermented mash (grain, water, and malt) is added to provoke the fermentation of a new mash
  • This mash hybridization is used to manipulate the level of flavor-altering bacteria

39

Sour mash

  • Jack Daniel's
  • Jim Beam
  • Knob Creek
  • Maker's Mark
  • Old Crow
  • Old Fitzgerald
  • Wild Turkey

40

Blended scotch

  • smoky
  • flavorful
  • creamy
  • hint of dried fruit
  • cedar
  • leather
  • peat

41

Blended scotch

  • Chivas Regal 12 Year Old
  • Johnnie Walker Gold
  • White Horse 12 Year Old
  • The Famous Grouse Finest
  • Cutty Sark Original

42

Single grain scotch

  • citrus
  • notes of cut grass
  • woody bitterness
  • coconut aroma
  • peppery
  • hints of chocolate

43

Single grain scotch

  • Black Barrel
  • Cameron Bridge
  • Carsebridge 45 Year Old
  • Compass Box Hedonism
  • Invergordon 42 Year Old
  • Loch Lomond Organic

44

Single malt scotch

  • Aberlour
  • Balvenie
  • Glenfiddich
  • Glenkinchie
  • Glenlivet
  • Glenmorangie
  • Laphroaig
  • Talisker

45

Vatted malt scotch

  • pungent
  • oaky
  • peppery
  • gentle smokiness
  • sweet

46

Vatted malt scotch

  • Auld Reekie
  • Blaimhor
  • Glencoe
  • Hankey Bannister
  • Johnnie Walker Green Label
  • Monkey Shoulder
  • Old Elgin

47

In which regions of Scotland is whisky produced?

  • Islay
  • Lowlands
  • Speyside
  • Highlands
  • Campbeltown
  • Islands

48

Where is Islay located in Scotland?

Islay is an island west of the Scottish mainland.

49

What distinguishes Islay whisky?

  • smoky
  • peaty
  • salty
  • tangy

50

Where are Lowlands in Scotland?

southernmost part

51

What distinguishes Lowlands whisky?

  • not very salty
  • flavorful
  • spicy
  • not peaty
  • smooth

52

Where is Speyside in Scotland?

northern

53

What distinguishes Speyside whisky?

  • rich flavor
  • sweet
  • not peaty
  • hint of carnations
  • reminiscent of cream soda

54

Where are the Highlands in Scotland?

northernmost part

55

What distinguishes Highlands whisky?

  • very smoky
  • spicy
  • fruity
  • have a dry finish

56

Where is Campbeltown in Scotland?

in the southern peninsula

57

What distinguishes Campbeltown whisky?

  • nutty
  • crisp
  • creamy
  • salty
  • peaty
  • buttery

58

Where are the Islands in Scotland?

north of mainland Scotland

59

What distinguishes Islands whisky?

  • marine flavors
  • peaty
  • smoky
  • milder version of Islay whiskies

60

What is "peat" in whisky production?

  • Dead vegetation like moss, soil, and grass that has been compacted over thousands of years
  • Burned to heat up barley to stop germination during malting
  • Produces strong smoky flavor in whisky

61

Aberlour Scotch

  • Made in a Sherry cask
  • Sweet, smooth, and rich, without smoke
  • Dessert Scotch

62

Balvenie Scotch

  • single malt
  • single cask
  • rich and smooth
  • honey taste

63

Edradour Scotch

  • Single malt
  • Sherry cask
  • Tastes like sugared almonds
  • Smooth, creamy, and light
  • Hint of smokiness

64

Glenfiddich Scotch

  • single malt
  • fragrant
  • tastes like pear and oak

65

What are the types (colors of label) of Johnnie Walker whiskies in order of quality?

  • Red Label (lowest)
  • Black Label
  • Gold Label
  • Green Label
  • Blue Label (highest)

66

Johnnie Walker Red Label

  • Rich, full-bodied blend
  • According to the Johnnie Walker website, it is a "combination of spicy, smoky malts and lingering, lighter grains"

67

Johnnie Walker Black Label

  • Blended with over 40 whiskies
  • Has a fruity, earthy, creamy, vanilla taste

68

Johnnie Walker Green Label

  • Fresh and distinctive blend of single-malt whiskies
  • Pepper, oak, and fruit flavors

69

Johnnie Walker Blue Label

  • Most exclusive Johnny Walker blend
  • Each bottle is individually numbered
  • Aromatic and smokey
  • Tastes like honey, rose petals, sandalwood, and chocolate

70

Johnnie Walker Gold Label

  • A blend of rare, aged malts from Scotland's best distilleries
  • Rich, creamy, honey taste

71

Dalwhinnie Scotch

  • Single malt
  • Water used in distilling Dalwhinnie is from an exclusive source which lies at a 2,000-foot elevation that no other distillery can use
  • Sweet, clean, malty, and smokey taste

72

Chivas Regal Scotch

  • A blend of single malt and grain whiskies
  • Rich, smooth, multifaceted, and displays harmony between flavors

73

Clynelish Scotch

  • single malt
  • crisp, salty, seaweed flavor
  • traces of pungent smokines

74

Glenkinchie Scotch

  • distilled in an Amontillado cask
  • sweetly dry
  • light and spicy
  • sherry-like finish

75

Oban Scotch

  • distilled in a Montilla cask
  • smooth and bold
  • zesty
  • fruity and sweet

76

Cragganmore Scotch

  • spicy
  • smoky
  • complex, yet clean

77

Talisker Scotch

  • unique and powerful character
  • spicy
  • peppery
  • peaty
  • smooth and smokey

78

Caol Ila Scotch

  • subtle peaty taste
  • robust
  • sweet
  • smoky

79

Lagavulin Scotch

  • dense
  • complex and powerful
  • Scotland's smokiest malt
  • peaty

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