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Flashcards in Rock Basics Deck (35):
1

What is the generally understood difference between the terms "rock" and "rock & roll?"

  • rock & roll originated in the late-1940s
  • rock & roll evolved into rock in the 1960s

2

What musical features distinguish rock & roll from other genres?

widely divergent subgenres or styles

3

From what genres of music did rock & roll originate?

gospel, folk music, country music, jump blues, chicago blues, swing, boogie-woogie

4

What was rock & roll called at its inception?

rockabilly

5

Classic rock & roll is played with what four instruments?

  • lead guitar
  • rhythm guitar
  • bass guitar (or electric bass), and
  • a drum kit

6

What does the "British Invasion" mean?

It is used to describe rock & roll, beat, and pop performers from the UK who became popular in the United States.

7

Who was the first person credited for using the phrase "rock & roll" to describe the type of music he played?

Alan Freed

8

Which song recorded in 1951 is claimed to be the first rock & roll record?

Rocket 88 by Jackie Brenston and his Delta Cats (which was Ike Turner and his band The Kings of Rhythm recordingunder a different name)

9

Why did Alan Freed use the phrase rock & roll?

He used it to describe a mix of "black and white" music for a multiracial audience.

10

In what year did rock & roll reach its peak?

1964, with the British Invasion

11

Why was rock & roll credited for inspiring the Civil Rights Movement within mainstream American society?

It was because both African-American and white teens enjoyed listening to this genre of music.

12

Who was considered the greatest "teen idol" of the rock & roll era?

Elvis Presley

13

What type of dancing was revived when rock & roll came about?

the jitterbug dance

14

Which term is applied to a rhythmic accentuation on even beats in rock & roll?

backbeat

15

What was the term "rocking" associated with during the early stages of rock & roll?

"rocking" had a double meaning:

  • dancing
  • a thinly veiled allusion to sex

16

Who were the first 10 inductees into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame?

  • Buddy Holly
  • Chuck Berry
  • Elvis Presley
  • Fats Domino
  • James Brown
  • Jerry Lee Lewis
  • Little Richard
  • Ray Charles
  • Sam Cooke
  • The Everly Brothers

17

Which three artists most influenced the early stages of rock & roll?

  • Elvis Presley
  • Little Richard
  • Buddy Holly

18

What advancement in technology launched the careers of many rock & roll legends?

television

19

Although rock & roll is still a favorite of many music lovers today, during what years was it most prevalent?

the 1940s to the 1960s

20

What other genres of music have arisen from rock & roll?

  • rock
  • soft rock
  • pop

21

What are the main derivative forms of rock?

  • psychedelia
  • alternative rock
  • heavy metal
  • punk rock

22

Why did rock & roll bands eventually stop playing at large stadiums?

due to the financial and logistical strains of producing elaborate arena rock concerts

23

What form of concert took the place of arena rock (concerts in large stadiums) as the most popular venue for rock & roll bands?

rock festivals

24

Who were the "Mods" in Great Britain?

  • people with "modern" tastes
  • generally listened to jazz and ska
  • favored a lifestyle of high fashion

25

Who were the "Rockers" in Great Britain?

  • people who listened to American, white rock, & roll artists
  • dressed in a unsophisticated way (T-shirts and leather)

26

Who were some of the most influential women in the rock movement?

  • Patti Smith
  • Janis Joplin
  • Liz Phair
  • Sinead O'Connor
  • Grace Slick
  • Deborah Harry
  • Yoko Ono
  • Linda Ronstadt

27

Who were five famous rockers that died at the age of 27 (the "27 club")?

  • Brian Jones
  • Jimi Hendrix
  • Janis Joplin
  • Kurt Cobain
  • Jim Morrison

28

When was the height of the grunge movement?

1989-1995

29

When and where was the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum built?

It was built in 1983 inCleveland, Ohio.

30

Which rock & roll band has sold more albums globally than any other?

U2

31

When was the height of the psychedelic movement?

mid-1960s

32

When was the height of the rockabilly movement?

1950s (revived in the 1980s)

33

When was the height of the indie movement?

1980s to the present

34

When was the height of arena rock?

late-1970s to 1980s

35

When was the height of heavy metal?

1970s to the present

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