Obesity Treatment: Diet and Physical Activity Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Obesity Treatment: Diet and Physical Activity Deck (15):
1

Typically, surgery is reserved for obesity treatment in those with BMI greater than _____.

40 (or 35 with co-morbidities)

2

Weight bias research has shown that increased BMI in a patient makes physicians more likely to _________________.

(1) view the patient as less disciplined; (2) view the patient as less compliant; (3) find the patient more annoying; and (4) have less desire to help the patient

3

In surveys, people respond best to which term for obesity or being overweight?

Weight

4

An overweight patient comes to see you asking about diets for weight loss. About how many calories should he or she be eating to lose weight?

Men: ~ 1,500 kcal/day
Women: ~ 1,200 kcal/day

5

One study showed that there was no difference in weight change between low-fat and low-carbohydrate diets, but low-carbohydrate diets were better in ________________.

raising HDL

6

Decreasing portion size and energy density have been shown to ______________.

lead to greater weight loss (unsurprisingly)

7

The best diets to maintain weight loss are those that _____________.

have a balance of nutrients

8

Continued ____________ is considered crucial in maintaining weight loss.

personalized contact (such as with a nutritionist or physician)

9

Research shows that decreased time in bed (that is, decreased sleep duration) causes ______________.

increased hunger hormones, and increased desire for sweets and fatty things, and decreased muscle mass

10

Which hormone is referred to as the "hunger hormone"?

Ghrelin

11

If you lose 5 - 10 kg, then ____________ will remain elevated for as much as one year afterward.

ghrelin

12

What five factors were most common among those who had successfully lost weight in the NWCR?

- Use of low-fat, high carbohydrate diet
- Frequent self-monitoring
- Eating breakfast
- Large amounts of physical activity
- Limiting TV time

13

What BMI range is pharmacotherapy reserved for?

Greater than 30 or greater than 27 with co-morbidities

14

Typically, diet and drugs alone (that is, not together) can lower weight by a maximum of ______________.

10%

15

While low-fat diets have been shown to help patients lose weight, ______________ is the most successful in trials.

the Mediterranean diet

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