Chapter 6 Spelling Words Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chapter 6 Spelling Words > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 6 Spelling Words Deck (95):
1

articular cartilage

thin layer or cartilage that covers the ends of the long bones and the surfaces of the joints

2

cancellous bone

spongy bone, not as dense as compact bone

3

cervical vertebrae

vertebrae or bones of the neck, C1-C7

4

condyle

knuckle-like projection of the bone

5

diaphysis

main shaftlike portion of a bone

6

epiphyseal line

a layer of cartilage that seperates the diaphysis from the epiphysis of a bone, also know as the epiphyseal plate

7

epiphysis

the end of a bone

8

fissure

a grove or depression in a bone, a sulcus

9

fontenelle or fontanel

space between the bones of an infant's cranium; "soft spot"

10

foramen

hole in a bone through which blood vessels or nerves pass

11

fossa

hollow or concave depression in a bone

12

haversian canals

system of small canals within compact bone that contain blood vessels, lymphatic vessels, and nerves

13

hematopoiesis

the formation and development of blood cells in the bone marrow

14

intervertebral disk

a flat, circular, platelike structure of cartilage that serves as a cushion between the vertebrae

15

lumbar vertebrae

the vertebrae of the lower back L1-L5

16

medullary cavity

the center portion of the shaft of a long bone containing the yellow marrow

17

ossification

the conversion of cartilage and fibrous connective tissue to bone; the formation of bone

18

osteoblasts

immature bone cells that actively produce bony tissue

19

osteoclasts

large cells that absorb or digest old bone tissue

20

osteocytes

mature bone cells

21

periosteum

the thick, white, fibrous membrane that covers the surface of a long bone

22

resorption

the process of removing or digesting old bone tissue

23

sesamoid bones

irregular bones imbedded in tendons near a joint; patellar

24

sinus

an opening or hollow space in a bone; a cavity within a bone

25

sulcus

a groove or depression in a bone; a fissure

26

sutures

immovable joints; such as cranium joints

27

thoracic vertebrae

the 12 vertebrae of the chest, T1-T12

28

trabeculae

needlelike bony spicules within cancellous bone that contribute to the spongy appearance. their ditribution along lines of stress adds to the strength of the bone

29

trochanter

large bony process located below the neck of the femur

30

tubercle

a small rounded process of a bone

31

tuberosity

an elevated, broad, rounded process of a bone

32

vertebral foramen

a large opening in the center of each vertebra that serves as a passageway for the spinal cord

33

acetabular

the socket of the hipbone, into which the head of the femur fits

34

calcaneodynia

pain in the heel bone 'calcane o -dynia'

35

carpals

pertaining to the wrist 'carp -al'

36

coccygeal

pertaining to the coccyx 'coccyg -eal'

37

coccyx

a small, triangular bone at the base of the spinal column in humans, formed of fused four coccygeal vertebrae in children; the tailbone

38

costochondral

pertaining to rib cartilage----cost /o/ chondr/ al

39

craniotomy

incision into the cranium----crani /o/ tomy
(surgical opening into the skull?)

40

dual energy X-ray absorptiometry

noninvasive procedure to measure bone density where photons generated by an X-ray machine pass through the bone and a computer calculates the amount of radiation absorbed by the bones
absorpti /o/ metry----an instrument for measuring the absorption of light or other radiation.

41

ethmoid bone

a square bone at the root of the nose, forming part of the cranium
resembling something ethm oid

42

Ewing's sarcoma

Malignant tumor of the bones common to young adults, particularly adolescent boys

43

femoral

pertaining to the femur

44

femur

thigh bone

45

fibula

More slender of the two lower leg bones

46

sacrum

Singular, triangular shaped bone; Resulted from fusion of five individual sacral bones in the child

47

ischial

pertaining to the ischium ----ischi/-al

48

patella

knee bone or kneecap

49

patellar

pertaining to the patella

50

tibia

Larger and stronger of the two lower leg bones

51

tarsals

ankle bones

52

phlanges

bones of the fingers and toes

53

phalangitis

inflammation of the phalanges

54

metatarsals

bones of the foot

55

metacarpals

bones of the hand

56

metatarsalgia

pain in the metatarsals

57

osteomalacia

Abnormal softening of the bones due to a deficiency of calcium and phosphorus in the blood, which are necessary for bone mineralization
softening of the bones---oste /o/ malacia

58

osteoporosis

Porous bones; Bones that were once strong become fragile due to loss of bone density
noun for bone pourous---oste /o/ poros /-is

59

osteogenic sarcoma

Malignant tumor arising from bone; Also known as osteosarcoma
pertaining to bone production, flesh tumor
oste/o/gen/ic sarc/oma

60

osteoma

tumor of bone----oste/oma

61

talipes equinovarus

clubfoot

62

kyphosis

Outward curvature = humpback or hunchback
noun ending humpback---kyphos/is

63

lordosis

Inward curvature = swayback
noun ending swayback----lordos/is

64

scoliosis

Lateral (sideward) curvature
noun ending crooked bent---scolios/is

65

humeral

pertaining to the humerus

66

humerus

upper arm bone

67

hyoid bone

suspended bone above the larynx and below the mandible

68

iliac

pertaining to the ilium

69

lacrimal bones

tear duct bones
pertaining to tears---lacrim/al

70

laminectomy

surgical removal of lamina---lamin/ectomy

71

lumbar

pertaining to the loins, lower back---lumb/ar

72

mandibular

pertaining to the mandible---mandibul/ar

73

mastoiditis

inflammation of the mastoid process---mastoid/itis

74

maxillary

pertaining to the upper jaw--maxill/ary

75

nasal conchae

the nasal cavity bones

76

occipital bone

pertaining to the posterior of the cranium--occipit/al

77

olecranon

the bony prominence of the elbow, on the upper end of the ulna.
olecran=elbow

78

orthopedics

the branch of medicine dealing with the correction of deformities of bones or muscles.[originally relating specifically to children.]
orth/o=straight, correct, normal
ped=child
ics=pertaining to

79

palatine bones

--each of two bones within the skull forming parts of the eye socket, the nasal cavity, and the hard palate.
--of or relating to the palate or esp. the palatine bone.

80

parietal bones

pertaining to a bone forming the central side and upper back part of each side of the skull.

81

pelvimetry

measurement of the dimensions of the pelvis, undertaken chiefly to help determine whether a woman can give birth normally or will require a Caesarean section.
measurement of the pelvis--pelv /i/ metry

82

pubic

pertaining to the pubes or pubis---pub/ic

83

rachitis

inflammation of the spine---rach/itis

84

radial

pertaining to the radius---radi/us

85

radius

one of the two large bones of the forearm;The radius is named so because the radius (bone) acts like the radius (of a circle). It rotates around the ulna

86

scapular

pertaining to the scapula---scapul/ar

87

sphenoid bone

a compound bone that forms the base of the cranium, behind the eye and below the front part of the brain. It has two pairs of broad lateral “wings” and a number of other projections, and contains two air-filled sinuses.

88

spondylosis

a condition of the spine, vertebrae---spondyl/osis

89

substernal

pertaining to beneath or under the sternum--sub/stern/al

90

supraclavicular

pertaining to above the clavicle (collarbone)
supra/clavicul/ar

91

temporal

pertaining to the temples of the head
tempor/al

92

ulna

the thinner and longer of the two bones in the human forearm, on the side opposite to the thumb

93

vertebrae

backbone

94

vomer

the small thin bone separating the left and right nasal cavities

95

zygomatic bones

the bone that forms the prominent part of the cheek and the outer side of the eye socket.